White Revolution/Operation Flood Short Speech, Essay, Paragraph & Article

White revolution in India speech, essay, article, paragraph

After the independence, India’s economy started taking pace gradually. Many things and events have contributed to the growing economy of India and White Revolution and Green revolution are one of them. In our previous article, we have discussed the Green Revolution. In this article, we are giving you the information about White Revolution which is also called as Operation Flood. This information will help you to build a perfect speech and a better essay. This information can also be used for writing a paragraph in your exams. So let’s start now.

Beginning of the speech on White Revolution in India

Good morning everyone, honourable chief guests, respected principal, teachers, and my dear friends. Today I am going to talk about the white revolution of India and how it helped to grow the economy of India. Now, I would like to start my speech.


White Revolution which is also called as Operation Flood was world’s biggest dairy development programme started in India whose main goal was to make India self-sufficient in dairy production. The Operation Flood concentrated on making a national level network of milk producers and consumers to fulfill the rising demand for dairy products and maintaining the price variations, by cutting out the middle-men, between the milk producers and the consumers. The Operation Flood has main components which ensured the successful deployment of the programme and those are, increasing the overall milk production, increasing the rural incomes and providing the fair prices for consumers.

Verghese Kurien: Architect of White Revolution in India

Verghese Kurien is called as the architect of White Revolution in India who gave the idea of Operation flood which became the world’s biggest dairy development programme. He was the chairman and founder of Amul. He helped establish the Amul cooperative, which is India’s largest dairy food brand today. The reason behind the success of Amul was the production of milk powder from the widely available buffalo-milk, instead of cow milk which was short in supply in India. Later in 1965, he founded the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and replicated the Amul’s successful “Anand Pattern” nationwide. He also helped to make India self-sufficient in the edible oil sector.

Verghese Kurien was an icon of India’s cooperative movement and the dairy industry. He not only made India self-sufficient in the milk and edible oil sector but also helped to get India out of poverty, unemployment, lack of nutrition, breaking down the caste barrier and opened the gates for education, health, and employment.

The White Revolution/ Operation flood took place in three phases, which are as follows,

Phase 1 of the White Revolution

The phase 1 of the Operation Flood took place in the period of 1970 to 1980. The goal of phase 1 was to improve the organized dairy sector in metro cities by linking India’s 18 premier milk sheds in the four major metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai. During the phase 1, the huge sale of skimmed milk powder and butter oil took place which was donated by the European Union through the World Food Program. The overall cost of the phase one was 116 crores.

Phase 2 of the White Revolution

The phase 1 of the Operation Flood took place in the period of 1981 to 1985. In phase 2 the total number of major milk sheds increased from 18 to 136. By the end of phase 2 in 1985, the number of milk producers in rural areas increased tremendously up to 4,250,000 from 43000 villages.

Phase 3 of the White Revolution

The phase 1 of the Operation Flood took place in the period of 1985 to 1996. The phase 3 of the Operation Flood showed a huge improvement in the scenario. The use of latest technology in milk processing, artificial insemination facilities of the cattle, increased innovations that helped to maintain the health of the cattle helped to make a huge improvement in the production. The number of milk sheds also increased to 143. The invention of new vaccines for cattle also played an important role in the increased milk production.

The Operation Flood was also criticized because of the importance was given to the cattle breeds from foreign countries over native Indian cattle breeds because even though the foreign breeds gave better higher yield, they needed more care, food and they were also not suitable to Indian conditions.


The White Revolution not only made India self-sufficient in the dairy production sector but also helped India to get out of the poverty, unemployment, and malnutrition. Verghese Kurien will always be remembered for his huge contribution in the upliftment of our country.

Tips for the Speech

  1. Speeches are the thoughts which come from your heart so don’t mug up it.
  2. Speak what comes to your mind after reading about the topic.
  3. Try to speak the speech in front of your family, friends or in front of a mirror to increase your confidence.
  4. Be interactive while delivering the speech, remember you are not at recitation competition.

Tips for Essay Writing

  1. You can write an essay in the format of biography.
  2. Read a lot of things about your topic and try explaining them in your words in your essay instead of remembering all the points word to word.
  3. Write your essay in a format which includes an introduction, more information and conclusion for easy understanding of the reader.

Tips for Paragraph writing

  1. Paragraphs are same as essays but the length limitations vary so try being to the point while writing a paragraph.
  2. Give the brief idea about some points which you cannot write in detail.

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