Snakes have been on the earth from the dinosaur era. Snakes can live almost everywhere like in deserts, on trees, in water. They are scary and no doubt very dangerous. We usually have seen the normal species of snakes like pythons, vipers, and cobras but there are almost 3000 species of snakes around the world from which only 375 species are venomous. And a very small proportion of these species is potentially harmful to humans.
The interesting fact about snakes is that all snakes are Carnivores. Inland Taipan(Oxyuranus microlepidotus) with high toxic venom is the most venomous and deadliest snake in the world. It’s one bite contains enough venom to kill 100 people. It would take days to know about the whole list of 3000 species of snakes so we will see the broader categories and which snake belongs to which type. Let’s see.
Types of Snakes in India and the World – With Pictures
There are 5 main categories of snakes. Those are Boidae, Colubridae, Viperidae, Pythonidae, Elapidae. Now we will see every type in detail.
These type of snakes are commonly called as Boas. There are approximately 45 species in Boidae category. Boidae is non-venomous and strong Constrictors(Snakes that kill their prey by constriction). The world’s largest and heaviest snake Green Anaconda belongs to this category. They use their size and strength to kill their prey.
There are following popular species of Boidae type:
Emerald Tree Boa, Green Anaconda, Hog Island Boa, Yellow Anaconda, Amazon Tree Boa, Boa Constrictor, Brazilian Rainbow Boa, Dumeril’s Boa.
Colubridae is the largest category of snakes with almost 2000 species of snakes in it. Almost all the snakes in this type are non-venomous but there are some species which are venomous. Most of the snakes who belong to this type have their heads covered with scales. These type of snakes are very diverse in nature.
The diversity ranges from their size, color, and other characteristics. Their diversity can be seen from their inhabitants also. Some Colubridae snakes live in water and some are rarely found near water. Some eat fish and other eats rodents.
There are following popular species of Colubridae type:
American rat snake, Asian keelback, Asian rat snake, Asian vine snake, Banded sand snake, Beauty snake, Black swamp snake, Boomslang, Brown snake, Brown tree snake, the Brown water snake, Bullsnake, California kingsnake, Coachwhip, etc.
Viperidae category contains the venomous type of snakes. Vipers, Adders, Rattle Snakes and other dangerous snake species belong to this category. All the snakes in this type have long, hinged fangs for deep penetration into prey’s flesh and injection of venom.
Vipers are nocturnal and they ambush their prey. Some species in this category lay eggs and some give birth to live young ones. These snakes produce hemotoxic venom that attacks the tissues and blood of their prey. The pit-vipers have heat-sensing pits that are used to find the prey.
There are following popular species of Viperidae type:
Adder, Bushmaster, Copperhead, Cottonmouth/water moccasin, Desert Horned Viper, Gaboon Viper, Jararaca, Long-nosed Viper, Palm Viper.
Pythonidae is commonly called as Pythons. This category includes the non-venomous and strong constrictor snakes in the world. These type of snakes are usually longest in length than other snakes. Pythons are very feared snakes mostly because of their size and the myths related to them but in usual conditions, they do not attack humans unless they are provoked or the female is protecting its eggs.
They catch the prey by camouflaged into surrounding, motionless and attacking them as they pass by. Once they catch the prey they wrap themselves and squeeze the prey until it’s dead(constriction).
There are following popular species of Pythonidae type:
An African rock python, Angolan python, Amethystine python, Black-headed python, Burmese python, Carpet pythons, Children’s python, D’Albert’s water python, Green tree python, Indian python, Olive python.
Elapidae includes the most venomous snakes like cobras, mambas, coral snakes and taipans. All the snakes in this category are the most venomous. They are usually found in tropical and subtropical regions in the world. All the Elapidae have fixed and hollow fangs with which they inject venom. They usually look the same as Colubridae in outer appearance. These type of snakes are very active and they lay eggs.
There are following popular species of Elapidae type:
King Cobra, Red Spitting Cobra, Monocled Cobra, Black Mamba, Brown Snake, Chinese Cobra, Coral Snake, Death Adder, Egyptian Cobra, Green Mamba.
These are the types of snakes all around the world. If you like our article please let us know in the comment section below. 🙂