Communication is an essential part of human life. We communicate with other people to make conversation and convey our thoughts. The way we communicate today is the result of a long journey through the evolution of mankind. Communication makes the interaction between two people or groups possible.
Having good communications skills helps you connect with the person or a group more efficiently. There are several types in which we communicate with others. So in this article, the various different types of communication explained. We have also given brief information about the barriers that hamper good communication.
Types of Communication – Verbal, Nonverbal, Written, Visual
Verbal Type of Communication
Verbal communication is a type of communication where the information is passed by speaking. Words, speeches, discussions, presentations are the medium of verbal communication. Human language is a mixture of words and the rules(grammar) that allow us to form sentences. In verbal communication, the sender conveys the information by speaking to the other person or a group.
The tone, the pitch and the quality of the words play an important role in good verbal communication. In this type of communication, the mistake in the pitch, tone or words may result in a poor quality verbal communication. The speaker should be loud and clear enough that the receiver(individual or a group) should get the authenticate information which was the speaker wanted to convey.
Non-Verbal Type of Communication
Non-verbal type communication does not use the spoken language to convey the information. This type of communication takes place without speaking or writing any word, just by facial expressions, touch, posture, eye contact, body language or hand gestures. A simple example can be given that when you are sitting in the classroom during a lecture and you want to tell your friend that it’s getting late to go to the cricket tournament then you just tap your right index finger on the back of your wrist where we wear watch to depict the time or just by making a gesture of hitting ball with a bat.
The non-verbal type of communication is used when verbal communication cannot be used. The body language, facial expressions, hand gestures are the medium of conveying the information to the receiver. So other examples are: Thumb’s Up to denote something is good or to wish all the best. Thumbs down is the opposite of thumbs up, winking the eye, shrugging shoulders and other gestures we use in our daily life are the part of non-verbal communication.
Visual Type of Communication
The visual type of communication is done by the pictorial or visual representation of the information. In visual communication, information is in the form of visual elements which can be seen and read by the receiver. Signboards, maps, pictures, displays, charts, graphs, television, hoardings, banners these are the few examples of visual communication.
Visual communication is usually unidirectional means that the receiver can not respond to the sender. This type of communication takes place while we are using maps while traveling. Maps give us visual information about the routes, places, and regions and help us to reach our destination.
Written Type of Communication
When the information is passed along in the written form then that communication is called as written communication. Written communication is necessary to convey the complicated and important information. The example of written communication includes emails, letter, memos, newspapers, manuals and so on.
The information in written communication can be handwritten, printed or may appear on the screen. The verbal communication takes place in real time whereas the written communication can be constructed over a longer period of time.
There are two more types of communication, based on the behavior of communication and those are Formal Communication and Informal Communication.
Formal Type of Communication
Formal communication can be defined as the interchange of information officially which confirms the established professional rules, standards, and ethics. This kind of communication takes place in businesses and organizations. In the formal communication, information flows in three ways as follows: Upward, where information moves from employees to management, downward where information moves from management to employees and horizontal when information is shared among the entities.
Informal Type of Communication/ Grapevine Communication
Informal communication is the casual conversation that takes place between the friends, family members without the formality. This type of communication is also called Grapevine as it can move anywhere and this type of communication does not have any channel or flow.
Types of Communication Barriers
The communication barriers hamper the quality of good conversation.
- Physical Barrier
- System Design
- Attitudinal barriers
- An ambiguity of words/phrases
- Individual linguistic ability
- Physiological barriers
- Fear of being criticized
- Gender barriers
The way information is conveyed defines the type of communication. If you find this information useful then please let us know in the comment section below. 🙂