Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Clean India Campaign in English

speech essay paragraph Swachh Bharat Abhiyan clean india campaign

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Campaign is one of the most ambitious projects from the Government of India and PM Narendra Modi. This is one of its kind of campaign that got national-level attention. A major goal of this campaign is to make all cities and villages of India “Open Defecation Free”. Along with it, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aims to clean the roads, streets, and infrastructure across India. The best thing about this campaign is it is focusing on cleanliness and availability of toilets in all schools and colleges. Hence we have written this essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Clean India Campaign so give you more information about this campaign.

You as a student might see Swachh Bharat Abhiyan topic in speech and essay competitions or you may get it in exams for essay writing. Don’t worry! Here we are writing this article to help you guys in your speech, essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Clean India Campaign.

In this article, we have given you an essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Clean India Campaign in English. This essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Clean India Campaign includes information such as advantages, disadvantages of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Clean India Campaign, etc. So let’s start.


Though it not the first time that the Indian government tried to launch the Clean India campaign. In 1999, the government of India launched the “Total Sanitation Campaign” which was later renamed as “Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan” by then prime minister Manmohan Singh. But, his time under the label of “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” PM Modi made it a national priority.

It was an unexpected move, no one could have imagined a prime minister of the world biggest democracy will give that much importance to cleanliness. We, Indians kind of used to being a dirty country. We see it everywhere but we ignore. We blame the government, system for unavailability of infrastructure.

PM Modi made it a national level campaign and urged the fellow citizens to take part. He himself took the broom in hand cleaned the road. Some may see it as a marketing or political stunt, but what it did was it made us think about cleanliness. Click on the link to find the 250 words Sample Essay on What can I do for clean India?

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has made a huge impact on the cleanliness and sanitation scenario in India and the progress statistics of the campaign are improving rapidly. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan campaign has its own official website and app where one can track the progress of the campaign. As we speak 31,408,280 household toilets are built, 143,491 villages / 79 districts / 3 states are open defecation free.

Various politicians, celebrities, actors and sports personnel participated in the campaign and promoted it in their capacity. Famous people like Sachin Tendulkar, Kamal Hasan, Anil Ambani, Virat Kohli, Priyanka Chopra and more took a broom and cleaned the roads. PM Modi did very good marketing of this campaign. He dreams India to be a clean country by 150th Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India.

The primary goal of Swacch Bharat Abhiyan is making India Open Defecation Free(ODF) till 2019. Swacch Bharat Abhiyan is the largest cleanliness and sanitation campaign and the best part is that more than 3 million government employees, as well as school and college students, have participated in the campaign. The aim of the Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign is to clean India’s 4041 cities and towns with a budget of 1.96 lakh crore which is almost $31 billion.

The best part of this is that even the film entertainment industry of India(Bollywood) has started to work in support of the eradication of open defecation problem in India by making a movie named “Toilet” starring Akshay Kumar & Bhumi Pednekar. The movie puts light on the problems of women in rural India as they have to go in the open to defecate and the necessity of building toilets in rural India. It’s nice to see that we have understood the importance of cleanliness and people are spreading awareness about it.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Advantages, Benefits

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan determines to make India cleaner and open defecation free. It is one of the largest cleanliness and sanitation campaigns of India. If Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign succeeds then there will be many advantages and benefits for the people in India. And those advantages, benefits are as follows.

Lower Rate of Health Problems

The successful execution of the Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign can result in cleaner cities, towns, and villages. There will no open defecation resulting in the lower rate of health problems caused by lack of hygiene and sanitation. It will also improve the overall health of citizens in India.

Boom for the Tourism Industry

The tourism industry in India is very big as we have got a huge number of historical places, monuments, and natural wonders. One might wonder how hygiene is gonna help tourism. But let me tell you, it surely will. Tourists prefer to go to places which are clean and hygienic.

Due to the lack of hygiene and cleanliness, many tourist places are ignored by the tourists as they are very dirty to visit. Hence if the Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign succeeds then it will definitely help the tourism industry in India. स्वच्छ भारत अभियान मराठी निबंध | स्वच्छतेचे महत्व, फायदे, माहिती

Happier and Healthier Citizens

Hygiene is highly related to happiness. We feel happy when we are in a clean and hygienic place. It soothes our mind. Hence if the Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign succeeds then it will help to make people happier and healthier.

A better world for the next generations

If the Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign succeeds then we would be creating a cleaner, hygienic and healthier world for our future generation. A healthy future when there will no diseases and health problems. Our future generations will thank us for this.

Improve the amount of Foreign Investments

India is a developing country, we have one of the cheapest labor work and a high number of resources making India the best place to invest. Many foreign companies are willing to invest in the Indian economy but many obstacles are stopping them to do so and lack of hygiene and cleanliness is one of them. If the Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign succeeds then it will create a better image of India in front of the world and definitely improve the foreign investment in the Indian economy.

So these were the advantages and benefits of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan campaign. Want to deliver a perfect speech? Check out these great tips for winning the speech game. 😀

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Clean India Campaign Disadvantages, Drawbacks

As every coin has two sides the Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign has some disadvantages too. So let us look at the disadvantages of Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign.

Higher Manpower

Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign is a national level cleanliness campaign. India is the second most populated country in the world with almost 1.3 billion people. It would need a large amount of manpower so clean and build toilets across all the villages, towns and cities across India.

Higher Cost

To make the  Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign successful the government needs to invest a lot of money to build toilets in the thousands of villages, towns, and cities across India. And to do so it would need a huge amount of money. It would be very difficult to run this campaign for a longer time.

Lower Participation of People

To make such a big campaign successful, people also should be participated. People should do their bit by not littering on streets and public places, avoiding open defecation. But unfortunately, people do not show much willpower to make India cleaner. People should actively take part in the activities and support the cause.

Lack of Infrastructure

Even if the people start using dustbins and stopped littering, there is no proper infrastructure to dispose of the collected garbage. This collected garbage is openly thrown in the dumping grounds. Also, people do damage public property like dustbins placed in public places. Most of the times the dustbins are overflowed with the garbage. Hence to make  Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign successful it would need better and stronger infrastructure.

No Law Enforcement

Unlike most of the foreign countries, in India littering is not penalized. A person littering the streets cannot be charged with a crime. There should be some legal rules to follow by the people to maintain hygiene and cleanliness. On the contrary, a large amount of population in India still defecate openly hence it becomes difficult to punish such a large amount of people.

So these were some disadvantages and drawbacks who are becoming the obstacles to the successful execution of the  Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan campaign.

Though the clean India campaign shows amazing results in rural India it will be a far-fetched dream to see a town or village from India to look like a western city or a town. We are dealing with the basic sanitation problems and related infrastructure.

The clean India campaign started with government and citizen partnership expectation but now it looks like the only government system is working on it and people somehow left it in the middle. To achieve such Mammoth task it has to be a G2C partnership or else it’s never going to be successful. Government doing their part but the public needs to perform their duties.

What Can I do for Clean India?

In the democracy we get rights, but with forget that these rights come with duties. Somehow we forget our duties towards the nation and agitate for rights only. To make India clean, we, the people need to take initiatives, government alone can not do this. A Bottom to Top approach is also needed to be tried out.

A common man, an everyday guy should care for cleanliness and sanitation, not all projects from top get implemented successfully with grass-root people. We need to join the hands with them. We need to clean our local roads, society, schools, neighboring public areas, etc.


Cleanliness cannot be forced on citizens, many nations like Singapore, Oman have hefty fines for littering on the road or for throwing chemicals, garbage into river or sea. In India, we know that whenever a new fine is introduced corruption follows, find not the solution to this problem. (e.g. helmet, seatbelt, traffic signals) The only possible solution is a combination of awareness and practical implementation of it. Citizens and government both need to work on this in tandem. Essay On Importance of Cleanliness, Hygiene, and sanitation

Tips for Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Clean India Campaign

Following are some best tips to follow while writing the essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in your exam, homework or essay writing competition.

  • Any essay is made of a specific structure. The essay starts with the introduction of the topic, followed by the information body paragraph and ending the essay with the conclusion. Write your essay in this format.
  • There are various Types of Essay Writing. Determine what type of essay you are going to write.
  • Keep the conclusion of your essay short yet meaningful.
  • Use a dark inked pen to write your essay.

These tips will help you to write the best essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

If you liked this article, then please let us know in the comment section below. We also urge you to spread awareness of cleanliness and sanitation in your home, village or town and help the cause of Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan because we, the youth of India are responsible for taking India ahead. Thank you. 🙂 Also, don’t forget to rate this article. 🙂

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