First of all, Happy New Year. We wish this year will bring all happiness and success you and your family, friends deserve. So, let’s get started. Here in this sample essay on new year, we will be talking a bit about history the day, how and why it is celebrated on January 1st. Though it is given in essay format, you can use this content for speech, paragraph or article writing. We have written a separate article in which we have given sample speech on new year for school, home, and office party.
Essay on New Year Celebration
Every country celebrates the new year at a different time of the year. Sometimes based on their own calendar, festivals, astronomic timings, historic event, significant personality etc. Most of the people across the world follow Gregorian calendar, and new year day or the first day of the year is 1st January. Sametime countries like China, Israel, India and others follow local calendars too. In India, there are multiple local calendars too and they celebrate new year accordingly. For example, Maharashtrian people observe new year on the first day of Hindu Calendar and it is called Gudi Padwa. Ugadi, a Telugu, and Kannada new year fall between the month of March and April. Punjabis celebrate Baisakhi/Vaisakhi on 14th April based on Nanakshahi Calendar.
History of New Year
New year’s day was celebrated in 45 B.C. for the first time. At that time, it was more of calendar adjustment than a celebration.
Julius Caesar, Roman dictator decided to reform failing Roman calendar which was introduced in 7th century B.C. It was based on the lunar cycle, it used to fell out of phase frequently with the seasons and had to be corrected. Sosigenes, an Alexandrian astronomer advised using solar cycles like Egyptians. The year was adjusted by adding 67 Days to 45 B.C. making January 1, as first of year 46 B.C. instead of March. He also decided to add to 1 day to February every four years to keep the calendar on track.
Still, there was an error in year calculation which was noted by The Roman Church in 1570’s. In 1582, the Gregorian calendar was introduced; since then January 1 is celebrated as the precise arrival of new year.
Some celebrate the new year to welcome crops, some celebrate the new year to pay tribute the event or person. Different countries societies have different reasons to celebrate the new year. Date, day or name can be different but the new year is celebrated for the same reason in different shapes and forms. This celebration represents new opportunity, a chance to start over. A day to learn from last year and to make plans for next year.
But nowadays we are forgetting why we celebrate the new year and its significance. These days almost every company, friends and families even schools and college celebrate it. People come together, they eat, drink, dance and enjoy the evening. A lot of cities display a great show of fireworks, people gather to watch this. Last year a great spectacle of fireworks was displayed at Burj Khalifa, tallest building in the world. It is becoming more of a party day than a new year day. Especially young generation drink alcoholic beverages and nowadays even they experiment with drugs too. A lot of road accidents, pub or bar incidents happen on new year’s eve.
For businesses it has become a marketing gimmick, they want the customer to buy their products. New year’s day becomes one more such shopping frenzy event for marketers. Same happens with Chrismas too, It is becoming more of party or fun event than festival itself.
Everyone has right to express themselves and feel comfortable in the way they want to eat, drink or act. Plus, we need to adjust ourselves with time too. So, along with fun and party, we should understand the real meaning of new year and we should try to act on it.
If you liked this sample essay on new year then let us know in comments. We will be glad to know your responses.