Essay on Plastic Pollution, “Beat Plastic Pollution” Speech and Article

Plastic Pollution Essay, Information, Causes, Effects, Problems, Solutions, Control Measures

The evolution of mankind took place in the hands of nature. Humans consumed the resources in nature and survived through thousands of years. But today the man’s greed has pushed the limit. Today we are destroying the same nature which gave us birth.

Today pollution has become a global problem and its consequences can be seen around us. Plastic was one of the greatest inventions of mankind. But sadly today it has become the enemy of mother nature. Plastic pollution has become a major problem faced by the world and it is harming nature as well as humans and animals.

In this article, we have given you all the information about the pollution caused by plastic, plastic bags, etc. The information includes causes of plastic pollution, it’s effects, solutions, control measures, statistics and campaigns and movements run by the government to stop the pollution caused by plastic. This information will help you in writing the essay, speech on plastic pollution in your exams, homework, essay writing, speech competitions, etc. So let’s start. Check out our new post on – 10 Ways to Beat Plastic Pollution, Poster Ideas, Sample Essay, and Slogans

Essay on Plastic Pollution, “Beat Plastic Pollution” Speech and Article


The former President of the US, Barack Obama once said, “We are the first generation to feel the impact of climate change and the last generation that can do something about it. ”Plastic as a product has a lot of qualities, versatile, lightweight, flexible, moisture resistant and cheaper than its counterparts. And that is what makes us turn a blind eye towards its harmful effects on our environment.

Our insatiable appetite for it has increased its consumption manifold and so has increased the level of pollution created by it. Even a small fragment of plastic has the durability to stay on earth for a thousand years. It is a classic case of a boon slowly turning into a bane since humans continue to use plastic and products made by it and then littering their surroundings with it. The durable nature of plastic does not let it decompose easily, thus making it a major source of pollution today.

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Causes of plastic pollution

The properties of plastic that make it attractive are the one that leads to plastic pollution:

  • Durability– The durability of plastic makes it resistant to the natural biodegradation process. Its composition makes it difficult to decompose plastic through a natural method.
  • Easy availability- Almost all consumer goods are sold in a plastic bag, wrapper, lining or covering and the plastic packaging is then disposed along with the regular trash.
  • Lack of civic awareness– People going on fishing and camping trips often leave with memories and leave behind their trash of plastic bottles and bags.
  • Inexpensive than its counterparts– A plastic bag is generally cheaper than an eco-friendly bag, for instance. For the lower sections of the society, both the lack of awareness and financial constraints make them reach for the plastic bags.

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Effects of plastic pollution

Plastic pollution not only causes drastic harmful effects on its own but also aids the air and water pollution. Some of its harmful effects include

  • Contamination of the ocean beds

Most of the plastic trash finds its way into the ocean, thus polluting the ocean beds. Some plastics release poisonous substance like BPA (Bisphenol A) during their slow decomposition. Plastic debris also attracts other contaminants towards them by acting as a sponge thus doubling the harmful effects.

  • Aquatic life at the receiving end

Small fragments of plastics trash become food for marine animals like whales, sea lions, and zooplankton. Once eaten by them, this plastic blocks their digestive tracts. Unable to eat any other food because of the plastic filling their stomach, they ultimately starve to death. There have been several cases across the world of whales being washed ashore and then dying. Cutting open their stomachs has revealed the horrors of plastic waste filling their insides completely.

The discarded plastic nets cause a problem of entanglement and choking for the smaller sea animals. There have been disturbing videos going viral, of dolphins and ducks getting their necks caught in the six-ring plastic can holder disposed of in water by fishermen. This plastic waste affects the coral reefs as well, as they cannot get enough sunlight due to the plastic debris and start breaking.

  • Harm to the food chain

The fishes that consume this plastic debris are further consumed up in the food chain, thus passing the harmful plastic pollution indirectly.

  • Polluting the underground water deposits

Plastic trash, when filled in landfills, reacts with water and leaches harmful chemicals into the soil poisoning the underground water.

  • Air Pollution

The burning of plastic waste releases harmful gases into the atmosphere causing respiratory problems for both humans and animals.

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Ways to reduce the Plastic Pollution? | Solutions and Control Measures

  • Banish the disposables

Almost ninety percent of the plastic that we use is not reusable and goes in the garbage after a single use itself. Plastic spoons, disposable plates, coffee cups, and straws are some examples of the same. Carrying your own cup to the coffee shop or to the office is a habit that will take some time getting used to, but once it becomes a practice, the amount of plastic usage will come down.

  • Go green

People should carry their own cloth bags when going out for their grocery or vegetable shopping. It may feel like a cumbersome habit in the beginning, but it is going to result in one less plastic bag going in the garbage and choking a cow feeding on it.

  • Carry your own water

One of the main components of the plastic waste covering the earth is the plastic mineral water bottle that one tends to buy on the go. Carrying a water bottle from home not only ensures that you have easy access to water but also reduces the waste caused by the bottle.

  • Carry that doggy bag

Most of us when eating out, tend to order more than we can eat and then get it packed in that plastic doggy bag. Carry a small box from home for such situations and cut down on unnecessary plastic use.

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  • Green cutlery and plates

There are several options available now in the market to replace that plastic spoon or that plastic plate. There are organizations making edible cutlery, disposable plates made of banana leaves, bagasse, areca leaves, palm leaves, etc which are biodegradable, all options that may be a little expensive than the plastic options, but it is a small price to pay for a clean environment.

  • Plastic Bag Ban

Several cities in India have banned the usage of plastic bags and have imposed a ban on its sale and use. Citizens should not only support the ban but facilitate its implementation by carrying their own bags.

  • Recycling

The marking or the resin identification code which is molded, formed or imprinted in or on the container, often on the bottom is indicative of whether it can go in the recycle bin or not. This system of coding was developed in 1988 by the U.S.-based Society of the Plastics Industry to facilitate the recycling of plastics after consumption.

These markings can be categorized as #1 (PET) for beverage bottles, #2 (HDPE) for heavy plastic bottles like those of milk, juices and detergents, #5 (PP) for plastic cutlery, yogurt tubs, coffee cups, etc. These are some of the common forms of plastics; Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), High density and low-density Polyethylene (HDPE and LDPE), Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), Polypropylene, Polystyrene, and Polycarbonates.

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Statistics and Facts about Plastic Pollution

A study published in the Journal Science in the year 2015 gave a ballpark figure of the plastic junk that is littering the sea: between 5.3 million and 14 million tons a year. In their 2006 report, Plastic Debris in the World’s Oceans, by Greenpeace in their shocking figures revealed that around 267 different animal species suffer from entanglement and ingestion of plastic debris. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration shared the fact that plastic debris kills more than 100,000 marine mammals annually, along with millions of birds and fishes.

Every year the world uses 500 billion plastic bags. Each year 8 million tonnes of plastic is dumped in the oceans. 50% of the plastic that is currently in use is either single-use or disposable. Almost 1 million plastic bottles are sold every minute across the globe.

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the vigilance body for plastic pollution in India, stated in its 2015 report that as many as 60 tier-I and tier-II Indian cities can be held accountable for the generation of almost 4,059 tonnes of plastic waste every day a figure that goes as high as 25,940 tonnes pan India.

Acts, Laws, Campaigns by the Government to Stop Platic Pollution

The Government has enforced the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, in place of the earlier Plastic Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011. The rules include:

  • Increasing the minimum thickness of plastic carry bags from 40 to 50 microns and the minimum thickness of 50 microns for plastic sheets in municipal as well as rural areas.
  • To facilitate the collection and recycle of plastic waste, through proper channels and organized system.
  • To introduce a system wherein the plastic waste is collected back by the producers/brand owners.
  • To promote the use of plastic waste in ways like road construction as per Indian Road Congress guidelines or energy recovery or converting plastic waste into biodiesel for commercial use.
  • The state of Sikkim has banned the use of plastic mineral water bottles while the state of Delhi has banned the use of plastic bags.
  • India will be the host of this year’s World Environment Day (WED) on June 5, 2018. WED has been observed every year since 1974 and each year, the activities on the day follow a theme. For this year, the focus is on plastic pollution with the theme being called “Beat Plastic Pollution”.


From the bottom of the ocean to the peak of the Himalayas, plastic pollution has its foothold everywhere and the government and the citizens will have to undertake the strict, discomforting but necessary steps to defeat this almost indestructible monster that is the plastic waste.

Tips for Essay on Plastic Pollution

Here we have given some curated best tips to write the best essay on plastic pollution.

  • Follow the proper flow and structure while writing your essay.
  • Start your essay with the introduction of the topic of the essay, followed by the main information and ending with a conclusion.
  • Keep your handwriting neat and clean while writing the essay.
  • Use the figure of speech, proverbs wherever suited.
  • Use a dark inked pen to write the essay.

Tips for Speech on Plastic Pollution

In this section, we have given you some best tips to perform the speech on plastic pollution.

  • Before the speech, practice before your friends, classmates, family members to gain confidence.
  • Do not make your speech robotic.
  • Try the variations in your sound to deliver your speech.
  • Use good use of hand gestures and body language.
  • Deliver your speech with confidence and without mumbling.
  • Be audible to the audience.

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