India is a land of culture and traditions and we, Indians respect them a lot. There are many festivals in our culture and we celebrate each one of them very enthusiastically. It’s the month of January and everyone is waiting for the famous and loving festival of Makar Sankranti. It is one of the important and most loved Hindu festivals. Each year in January we celebrate Makar Sankranti and Uttarayan festival with great spirit and excitement.
We share Tilgul with our friends, family members, and neighbors. Children, as well as grown-ups, enjoy flying kites. The whole atmosphere is filled with joy and festive vibes. But how many of know that why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti? What is the importance of Makar Sankranti? What is the religious, spiritual as well as scientific relevance of the celebrating it?
What is the significance of black color on this day? Why we fly kites? Many of us must have these questions in our minds but most of us don’t know the answers to those questions. But you are here now. In this essay, speech, Makar Sankranti, Uttarayan, we have given all the information about Makar Sankranti and Uttarayan you’ll need. So let’s know why celebrating Makar Sankranti is important.
Makar Sankranti Uttarayan Festival 2019 Essay, Speech, Paragraph
Makar Sankranti is celebrated all over India in the on January 14 every year which comes in Winter. But this year, we will celebrate Makar Sankranti this year on 15th January 2019. Makar Sankranti marks the transition of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Makara Rashi (Capricorn) on its celestial path hence it is called Makar Sankranti and it is also believed to mark the arrival of the spring season in India.
It is a harvest festival. It is celebrated as the sign of the end of the winter and arrival of spring. Makar Sankranti has religious as well as scientifical significance to it.
The Religious/Spiritual Importance of Makar Sankranti Festival
Makar Sankranti festival is dedicated to the Sun(Surya) which has great importance in Hindu culture. the festival marks the start of an auspicious period of next six months called “Uttarayan” where the days will become longer and warmer. Makar Sankranti is believed to be a good time for various spiritual practices and events like Pujas and Havans.
On this day people take a dip in the waters of river Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna and Cauvery(Kaveri) which is believed to help them to cleanse their sins. People pray to the sun and thank it for the success and prosperity. People make sweets(Tilgul) made with sesame seeds(Til), jaggery(gud) and share them with everyone.
Tilgul symbolizes the togetherness and bond between the people in peace despite differences and diversity. The festival marks the end of sowing the seeds in farming and nearly the end of work in the field, hence, it’s the time for people to enjoy with their family, socializing and celebrating around the bonfires singing folk songs.
The Scientific/Geographical Importance of Makar Sankranti, Uttarayan Festival
Makar Sankranti marks the transition of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Makara Rashi (Capricorn) on its celestial path. After the Makar Sankranti, the Sun starts its journey in the northern hemisphere. People fly kites on the morning of Makar Sankranti which aims to get mild sunlight in the morning which is not too harsh.
And we all know that sunlight is very beneficial for our health as it is the supply of vitamin D which promotes bone growth and prevent illnesses. Makar Sankranti festival falls in winter, hence eating sesame and jaggery is considered beneficial to health as they are warm foods.
The significance of Black Color on Makar Sankranti
You must have seen many women, mostly in Maharashtra wearing black colored sarees, and dresses on the Makar Sankranti day. Well, there are some reasons behind it. Some reasons are religious and some are scientific.
- There is a myth about the black saree called “Chandrakala” saree which was believed to be specially woven for the day which had moons and stars embossed on it with Zari. But as the years passed it became challenging to find the specially woven saree to wear so women started wearings black colored sarees, salwar kurtas on the day.
- Makar Sankranti is the day when the Sun starts its northern movement hence this day marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring. Being the last day of winter, this day turns out to be the coldest day of the entire season. So people wear black since the color absorbs the heat and keeps the body warm.
- People wear black colored clothes and chant the Shani mantra to impress Shani Graha(Saturn) as black is the color of Shani and Shani is the believed to be the son of Surya(sun).
Different Names for Makar Sankranti All Over India
The Makara Sankranti festival is celebrated all across India with different names and significance. Each state has its own name for Makra Sankranti. it is called Suggi Habba, Makar Sankramana in Karnataka, Thai Pongal, Uzhavar Thirunal in Tamilnadu, Maghi in Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab, Khichdi in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, Poush Sankranti in West Bengal.
Did you know, Makar Sankranti, is the only Indian festival celebrated on a fixed calendric day of the solar calendar?
Tips for Essay on Makar Sankranti, Uttarayan
- You can start a new paragraph with words or phrases like “on another hand, plus, at first, however”.
- Essay generally have three main parts, Introduction, impact or more detailed info and then summary or conclusion. Don’t use headers in the essay. But you should divide the essay into these 3 logical sections.
- Try to maintain a flow between sections. Carry forward a point from the last paragraph and then take it forward.
- Having a conclusion or summary of an essay is essential while writing an essay. You don’t need to be positive all the time for conclusion, it can be a mix of both emotions. Try to have an inspiring, definitive, euphoric conclusion.
I hope you guys liked the article. I hope you guys can help us to translate this article into regional Indian languages like Hindi, Marathi, Telugu, Kannada, Bengali, Malayalam, Gujarati and other. This essay is very useful for school like class 5, class 6, class 7, class 8, class 9, class 10, and college students like class 11th, 12th for an essay, speech competitions on the various topics like “Religious Importance of Makar Sankranti”, “Scientific Importance of Makar Sankranti”, “Significance of Black Color on Makar Sankranti” etc.
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