The government of India keeps organizing various competitions for the citizens of Indian, especially the students in India. The goal of these competitions is to provide a national level platform for the people to showcase their talent and skills and award them with the prizes for their work. These national level competitions are organized by the Government of India and various other departments that come under the government of India.
The ICWA essay writing competition is one of such competitions. In our another article, we have given you all the information about the ICWA essay writing competition. Information such what are the topics for ICWA essay writing competition? What is the age limit for ICWA essay writing competition, what is the prize for ICWA essay writing competition, how to send the essay for ICWA essay writing competition, what are the rules and regulations for the ICWA essay writing competition, How to apply, how to fill the form, how to submit entry, form, application, etc. Click on the below link for that information on ICWA Essay Writing Competition 2018.
In this article, we have given you a sample essay on for the ICWA essay writing competition on the topic “Is India’s Foreign Policy an Instrument for Our Development?” This essay contains all the information about the given topic and all have all the components required by the examiners, such as what is a foreign policy? what are the factors that help in the development of a country? what are the major features of India’s current foreign policy? how India’s foreign policy can affect its development? India’s foreign policy under prime minister Narendra Modi’s work etc.
Please consider that this is just a sample essay just for the reference. Do not copy it as it is. If you copy it the disqualification from the competition would be liable to you.
Essay Sample on “Is India’s Foreign Policy an Instrument for Our Development?” for ICWA Essay Competition 2018 in 2500 Words
Foreign Policy: Meaning and Working
Foreign policy is the key governing factor that determines the strategic outcome of a country’s relationship vis a vis any foreign nation. In other words, it is the strategic manipulation of a nation in favor of its own national interest in order to obtain positive relations and outcomes when that nation is dealing with the international sector. The foreign policy of any country is a result of a cumulative process of several internal propositions as well. A country’s economic, societal dynamics will always govern which approach shall it obtain while dealing with a particular country. For example, the United States, before the Second World war based its foreign policy upon the Monroe Doctrine under which it decided to keep itself aloof regarding international political scenario and instead focus only on the domestic and immediate neighborhood.
Adoption of a country’s rationale for foreign policy might be guided by several dynamics which ultimately makes the central concept of foreign policy as a dynamic and never a static one. As for example, several leading nations at present take key interest in exercising deep diplomatic and economic relations with South Asian subcontinent given that this is currently the global hub of activities: from gaining economic largess to exercising dominance in global forums like WTO and the IMF, India-China are the major players in current scenario which was not as pronounced even till the end of Cold War in 1990.
What are the factors aiding in Development of a Country?
A country’s foreign policy till date remains a crucial torchbearer that points towards a healthy development of a country. In the context of India, the development of India, like any other developing country who had just gained an independent status, was majorly dependent upon a shrewd policy of foreign relations. That foreign policy has a lot to do with development was reflected in the vision of the first PM Jawaharlal Nehru who identified that in 1947, given the ongoing Cold War was polarizing the world into US and USSR camps, India would benefit by being friends to both.
The Non Alignment Policy of India, officially adopted in 1953, gave India the boost of development through foreign policy as it was non aligned to any nation in particular and thus could obtain aids and resources, much needed for the initial development phase of a nascent state from both countries. Thus while economic development with regards to food production and other infrastructural aids could be obtained from the United States, India cooperated with USSR in terms of defense, space technology and countering threat from Pakistan. Spearheading development also dependent upon a country’s ability to exercise sound governance system, forged ahead with the inclusive operational democracy through regular and fair elections. Development of any country is the residue of every other rationale at play where foreign policy too, assumes a significant role.
Major Features of India’s current Foreign Policy
India’s current foreign policy structure is much reflective of the critical outline built throughout the past decades. At Davos meet this year, a veteran regular at Davos commented that expectations were too high, the cumulative power projection of India is getting undeniable by the day. PM Narendra Modi’s central vision at the foreign policy level is to enable India to become the key economic strategic player through leverage upon foreign policy dynamics.
The most important drivers of the present Indian foreign policy are:
- China’s aggressive market and defense maneuvers to establish a Sino hegemonic structure
- Pakistan exploiting the above in order to belittle Indian attempts to act as the peacemaker in the region
- Growing contradictory stance from Nepal and Sri Lanka, India’s prime neighbor allies, in favor of Pakistan
- Countering terrorist activities carried out on a state-sponsored basis
In response to the above factors, the chief outcomes for a responsible foreign policy practice in India have been cast by the following measures:
- Focus on SAARC and ASEAN membership: PM Narendra Modi, well recognizing the Chinese domination in the South Asian region, focuses with greater zeal on the regional cooperation movements. In 2017, to commemorate the 25th year of association with ASEAN, India celebrated it along with the Republic Day celebrations. Such regional multilateralism benefits for future free trade policies, promotion of tourism, education and other societal ties trickling down to the benefit of the economy.
- India is currently seeking an active role in a global nuclear platform and is working towards getting into the club of Nuclear Suppliers Group. It has already entered into the Missile Technology Control Regime, a chief nuclear nonproliferation framework. Narendra Modi during his visit to Washington in mid-2017 announced that with respect to nuclear energy, massive steps of nuclear security to prevent both proliferation of technology in abusive hands to highest standards of nuclear security to be applied in case of nuclear plants. Which includes setting up of 23 nuclear security cells along with a robust cyber security network to take care of any emergency arising. This marks an important step for India’s commitment towards peaceful use of nuclear energy and is a major global player for it.
3. Pakistan’s continuous attempts to frustrate India with sub-conventional warfare visible through Uri attacks and LoC surgical strikes makes it a permanent spot of disturbance. Covert warfare through sudden and unpredicted manner keeps the trajectory of foreign policy on a constant roller coaster. Further, with Russia conducting a joint military exercise with Pakistan, India is confronted with the issue of keeping Russia on the loop as a permanent ally as the case had been historical.
4. A recent trend in Indian foreign policy, in a marked shift from previous ones, has been the growing focus upon distant countries which were previously not as much given adequate priority. The strategic and successive visits to Israel and Palestine in a week’s gap decoded a unique stance of India in favor of real politics driven foreign policy stance which is all the way peaceful at the same time. To favor Israel in lieu of India’s technological and infrastructural requirements as well as to pacify the Arab demand of Palestine as India has always favored, was achieved well in such manner. The State visit of Japan in India was marked by the joint venture where Japan agreed to provide technological assistance to set up the Bullet train facility in India.
Such domains, more than other facts make India’s presence felt on the world map than the mere rhetoric of a foreign policy.
How can Foreign Policy affect India’s Development?
At the heart of foreign policy of a country, lies its instincts for structural development. India, ever since independence has viewed foreign policy as a major instrument and strategy to becoming a Major player in global development. Right from initiating the Non-Alignment movement to becoming a SAARC member Indian foreign policy has established itself as a model in itself. Development and foreign policy go hand in hand when one views the fact that based on Development Assistance Committee’s definition of aid, India was in the position to disburse close to over 7500 crore Rupees as aid, a figure much more than it receives as aid. The situation makes it much clear that given the strength of the rapid and persistently developed economy, as a foreign donor India’s reputation becomes stronger than ever.
India’s projection of itself as a soft power that associates itself more with avenues like culture, sports sphere is a cornerstone of its foreign policy as well. Progressive and global standard development of these areas has given India an edge over other regional powers. Often, when Foreign delegates visit India, international celebrities from film and sports industry are invited on regular basis, because such is the power of soft power culture in the domain of foreign policy. It was only because of India’s staunch commitment to the ideal of non-alignment that it could receive regular foreign aid and assistance from both the US as well as USSR during the cold war tensions from the 1950s through 1980s.
The large Indian diaspora across the globe from the USA to UAE and various other countries is a continuous support system for Indian foreign policy as well as economic strength. There is no denying the fact that remittances received from Indian diaspora serve as a major source of foreign income besides the other dimension of domination of Indian diaspora in international labor markets. Development being a sustained process, dynamism in Indian foreign policy approach coupled with skilled population set lands it in a major forefront.
Indian Foreign Policy Under Narendra Modi Leadership
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ascent to power was marked by his distinct flavor of foreign policy approach where he projected India’s growth on the catchline of ‘democracy-demography-demand’ or the 3D policy. The first two years of Modi’s leadership comprised of successive and continuous foreign trips in order to promote active regional and international participation. The invitation of all SAARC nations to his inauguration as well as visiting neighborhood countries first (Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan) gave essential signals about the aggressive leverage Modi wished to achieve in order to counter a growing Sino Pakistan alliance.
Visits to countries including Central Asian states, Iran, Saudi Arabia, was Modi’s strategy to cater to a multi-pronged approach to assert itself vis-a-vis growing Chinese presence in the Central Asian Region which has huge potential for investments by India. Coming at a time when One Belt One Road by China has been checked back by India’s International North South Transport Corridor, Central Asia was well recognized by India as the future of regional cooperation. The high presence of energy resources like Kazakhstan’s uranium reserves and Turkmenistan’s natural gas reserves serves an additional impetus for existing organizations like ONGC as well as Indian companies looking forward to investing in the energy sector. Iran agreeing to a large-scale investment in infrastructure and fuel trade also sees India having an ally in an area dominated by China in economic angle and USA in political angle.
Enhanced ties with Israel has seen the determinant of strengthening of defense procurement. In fact, Israel, known for its high-value technological standards, becomes a major strategic winner for India especially when China is building aggressive thoroughfare in the Indian Ocean region as well as repeated debates in Doklam. As for most leadership in India, strengthening multilateral and bilateral relationships under Narendra Modi’s leadership assume crucial significance given the economic role it wants to project for a steep competition with China.
From making state visits to various countries to active participation in Davos or BRICS summit, Modi leadership on an international forum has constantly tried to blend economic innovations to foreign policy image of India. Key reformative steps like Digital India, Make in India along with GST introduction, sought the major aim of raising expectations from India in order to give it a foreign policy leverage to prevent Chinese hegemony in the subcontinent along with quashing Pakistan’s attempt to instigate an anti-India propaganda.
Visualizing Economic Growth in India through Foreign Policy
Visiting the economic growth approach with a foreign policy angle has always been India’s forte. Historically the biggest example around was Liberalization of Indian economy and the opening up of trade thoroughfare during the 1990 Economic and foreign policy crisis. The Narasimha Rao government faced dwindling figures in economic areas, with GDP growth falling sharply from a meager 4.9 % in 1990 to a shocking 1.1% in 1991. It was a time of extreme measures and under the Manmohan Singh as the Finance Minister regime, the decision of liberalization was taken up. It actually marked a watershed action with regards to the end of Cold War. As globalization became the new world order, with Russia and US formally agreeing to end the Cold War, the decision to liberalize Indian economy marked India’s entry into the global order in a more pronounced manner than before.
Presently, institutional orders like Brazil, India, and China has been tagged as the new potent dominion to replace the Anglo Saxon liberal capitalist order. In this, India has a marked advantage with regards to the fact that it follows a mixed economic order. Partly agrarian and the rest service and software technology oriented. Post Narendra Modi’s leadership, the Make In India initiative has been rolled into an economic strategy in making India a manufacturing hub which by default has turned into a promotional fare for Indian foreign policy with thrust on independent policy discourse.
India, being touted as one of the examples of State Permeated Capitalist countries, banks on its family-owned business leadership combined with a relatively less rigorous taxation system with less focus on direct foreign ownership. This combination is unique especially when we see that recently, India as a foreign economic strategy has disagreed with China’s suggestion of a free trade zone. The step was a rather well thought out one since this would have challenged and marginalized India’s economic leverage it currently exerts through foreign policy discourse
The various ways in which India can choose to exert policy leverage through economic routes are several. Possible trajectories might include the following:
- Greater bilateral engagement tapping in the strengths of neighboring countries. This would enable India to exert a three-pronged strategy. Develop a steady growth which would have a pacifying effect on any existing foreign policy disagreement, help India achieve leverage for promoting Regional foreign economic integration and finally provide an alternative to global liberal hegemonic order.
- An increased focus on domestic economic strengthening should be applied almost immediately. A robust foreign policy depends largely upon the results of economic practices carried out internally within a country. Incidents of flawed public sector banking regulations that create embarrassments like fraudulence of capital as in case of Vijay Mallya or the recent PNB-Nirav Modi episode, damages the state-owned banking sector. The flak being passed upon common people’s savings not only creates a disregard for the economic credibility but also weakens economic growth over a longer period.
- Foreign policy is necessarily a foreign economic policy in the present world order. To that regard, steps like Make In India should be co strengthened by adequate social and environmental safeguards. Manufacturing industries incorporating strict environmental and labor standards will only ensure that in the coming years India gets a competitive advantage for providing socially and environmentally relevant products. As India refused cheap Chinese product entry with the denial of the free trade zone, it can exert a considerable leverage for a sustainable foreign economic policy.
- Factors promoting economic growth are already present in the Indian economic sector which includes a substantial infrastructural spending, tax rebates on capital investments and deregulations as far as possible. However, it is essential to combine them with issues like seeing capital investment promote more job growth and job creation as well as channelizing direct tax collection to welfare schemes to promote skill and health of the existing population.
- Besides, utilization rates of current free trade agreements are at maximum 15% for any sector, such underutilization only damages the scope of trade. Such a trend should be reversed as it does not allow Free trade benefits to be disbursed to goods otherwise eligible for such benefits.
In conclusion, one can say that foreign policy remains as a valuable mark of overseeing a country’s progress in terms of all-round development. Exercising adequate influence through combined efforts of economic and strategic diplomacy is the natural aim of foreign policy. Only with the correct strategy in place, in a globalized and ever interdependent network of nation-states, internal and external development can be realized in favor of pursuing welfare of citizens.
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