Agriculture is one of India’s major occupations. It played a key role in the huge economic growth of India in last few decades. In India, farming has its roots from Indus Valley Civilization era. Today India ranks 2nd in the agriculture outputs and the agriculture products consume huge portion in India’s exports. So what caused the huge growth in agriculture India? What were the factors which helped to encourage the farming in India? The reason is Green Revolution in India. We are bringing you this article to help you to build a perfect speech and a better essay.It will also help you to write a paragraph in your exams. So let’s start.
Beginning of the Speech
Hello, honourable chief guest, respected principal, professors, and dear friends. Today I am going to talk about the green revolution in India and how it helped India in its economic growth. I will start my speech now.
In the early 1960s, the overall yield increased exponentially by making the use of improved agricultural technology, so this period is called as Green Revolution. Green Revolution allowed developing countries, like India, to overcome their poor agricultural productivity. The green revolution started in India in the early 1960s, initially in states like Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The main development under the Green Revolution was the creating high-yielding varieties of wheat and it was carried out by American agronomist Dr. Norman Borlaug, Indian geneticist M. S. Swaminathan, and others. Soon India became self-sufficient in food grains by introducing high-yielding varieties, new irrigation methods, and advanced chemical fertilizers and made a huge progress in agriculture in India.
Objectives of Green Revolution
The ultimate goal of Green Resolution was to make India self-sufficient in the food production. To achieve this goal, the process was divided into several objectives which could be achieved by step by step approach and those are as follows,
Double-Cropping the Farmlands
Double cropping was one of the main objectives of Green Revolution. Farmers in India used to take crops only once in the year, which was logical because the monsoon season comes only once in the year and so they could yield crops in monsoon only. To make the agricultural production double, wee needed to double the farming of crops which was done by introducing artificial monsoon in form of new irrigation systems. New dams were built to store huge amount monsoon water which was get wasted previously and later using it for farming in the non-monsoon seasons. Newly introduced irrigation system could reduce the water usage and regulated water supply was done. This resulted into successful double-cropping of the available farmlands.
Expansion of Farming Areas
After the independence, the demand for food rose very quickly but there were not enough food production in India at that time also the cultivable farm areas was very small as compared to rising food demand. To tackle this situation, it was necessary to expand the cultivable farming land by a huge amount, so the green revolution started along with the expanding the farming areas in India.
Use of Superior Genetic Quality Seeds
In order to increase the food production, superior quality seeds were needed, which can give better crops and hence better agricultural production. The High Yield Variety (HYV) seeds were introduced by the scientists which could give the higher yields than conventional seeds. The first high yield variety seeds were wheat, rice, and corn, millet too. Dr. M.P. Singh played a very important role in the development of high yield variety seeds which resulted in the Green Revolution in India.
Problems Faced During the Green Revolution
The green revolution didn’t happen in 1 day. It took almost 12 years (1967-1978) to make the green revolution in India. To make India self-sufficient in the food production, there were lots of challenges to face. It was very difficult t o overcome these challenge and some of them are as follows,
The 1963 Bengal famine was the world largest food disaster happened in India during British rule. 4 million people died of hunger in a single. The reason behind this famine was the scarcity of food at that time, also the British rulers made the food a low priority for the Indians. The traders hoarded the food so that they can sell them later at a higher price. All these reasons created a huge shortage of food that resulted in the famine. Avoiding this kind of famines in future was the challenge and the motive of the Green Revolution in India.
Low Water Supply/ Irrigation
Monsoon rain was the only source of water used for the farming in India prior to the green revolution. There was a very small number of regions which had the proper irrigation systems and sufficient water supplies. Providing more ways of irrigation to the farmers who were dependent only on the rainfall, was a difficult task. The Government started many irrigation projects to provide proper irrigation systems to the farmers. Many new dams were built to store the monsoon water and also the provisions were made by the Government for digging canals, hand pumps, etc.
After the independence, the overall financial situation of people in India was very poor. Farmers couldn’t afford the expenses needed for farming, hence they end up borrowing money from the Zamindaars and Sahukaars in return of their land. The Zamindaars used to snatch their lands and make them work in their fields to repay their loans. This created a challenge for the farmers.
Adverse Effects of Green Revolution
Although the Green Revolution have made India self-efficient in the food production, it has made the adverse environment effects too. The huge increase in the use of fertilizers and pesticides have degraded the soil quality drastically. The rising irrigation systems have also decreased the overall underground water level drastically.
Tips for Speech
- Never mug up the speech script as it is. That sounds like a robot, your audience will not connect with it.
- Rather than reciting the complete script, note down only important bullet points and speak from your heart. When you speak from the heart you might fumble once or twice but it connects with your audience. We are humans after all we all make mistakes.
- Rather than words focus more on the emotions behind the word.
- If you are confident enough try to be interactive with your listeners. Ask them questions.
- If you are a parent don’t force kids to mug it up. Help them to understand the topics and it’s important. In real life, you just can’t survive with mugged up answers, isn’t it? Today’s generation is 10 times smarter than our generation they can easily understand the topic.
- If you are speaking in public for the first time then you better try a speech in front of parents, siblings or friends. Ask them feedback and revisit the script. Or else at least try speech in front of the mirror.
Tips for Essay
- You can write an essay in story format too, take an imaginary person and tell a story on given topic from his/her perspective.
- Essay generally have three main parts, Introduction, impact or more detailed info and then summary or conclusion. Don’t use headers in the essay. But you should divide the essay into these 3 logical sections.
- Try to maintain a flow between sections. Carry forward a point from the last paragraph and then take it forward.
- You can start a new paragraph with words or phrases like “on another hand, plus, at first, however”.
- It is important to have a conclusion or summary for an essay. You don’t need to be positive all the time for conclusion, it can be a mix of both emotions. Try to have an inspiring, positive, euphoric conclusion.
Tips for Paragraph Writing
- Generally, you will have 2 section in paragraph writing, it will be shorter than an essay.
- Paragraph are generally facts based rather than interactive or story based.
- You can have headings for paragraph if allowed.
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