The factor of Gender Equality is a much celebrated social cause at the moment. In order to understand the importance of it, one must be sensitive towards the cause of gender parity. Without discussions in forms of essays, articles, and campaigns, this very important idea will not be driven home in a manner that will enable the actual realization of it. Let us look at some of the various facets of the same in this essay.
In this article, we have given you all the information about one of the major problems faced by women across the world which is Gender Inequality. The article contains information about gender equality, its history, importance, effects, what challenges are there to achieve it, what is the role of education in gender equality, advantages and benefits of gender equality, solutions and ways to achieve it, some interesting facts, statistics about gender equality, acts, laws, campaigns, movements, social media trends, famous quotes and slogans about gender equality and at what amount the gender equality exists in India.
This information will help you to write a perfect essay in your exams, essay competitions, competitions exams IAS, UPSC, speech competitions, debates, group discussions and for paragraph writing in your exams. So let’s start.
Essay on Gender Equality, History, Importance, Benefits, Challenges, Solutions Speech, Paragraph and Article
Gender Equality: Introduction, Definition, and History
The concept of treating women and men equal known better as gender equality was a goal that has still not been realized fully. Misogynist traditions always made women either inferior to men or entitled them to areas less significant or dictated by men. Gender equality as an idea is always in sync with nature as nature sought to balance the imperfections present in both sexes. Gender equality is meant to be a complementary process rather than a process that discriminates. However, traditionally women were always assigned a sphere that made them occupied with less decision-making capabilities.
Proto-feminists like Christine De Fisan as early as in the Middle Ages harped on equality of gender and advocated for female literacy as well as equal opportunities for women. In Britain, the Shaker movement of 1778 worked in favor of equality of sexes. However, it was only after the 1945 era and beginning of a new world order that Internationally the issue of gender equality was addressed.
Importance Of Gender Equality
In the absence of gender equality as a globally achievable goal, gender roles were biased by customs, traditions and sexist culture that belittled women on basis of their biological weakness. The importance of gender equality lies in the fact that it promotes an order of gender neutrality where discrimination is prohibited merely because someone is woman or man. Without effective gender equality, getting rid of social evils like female foeticide and discrepancy of education between man and woman is not possible.
Effects of Gender Equality for Women
The United Nations has published several reports and proceedings to show how gender equality lends beneficial effects for both women and men besides giving sustainable upliftment of social conditions in general. There has been regular socio statistical modeling where research has shown that effects of gender equality reach beyond the family level and goes on to promote a general sense of inclusive development across various layers of the society.
Gender equality at the macro level would result in the effects like:
- Equal participation of females in all sectors including agriculture would mean more production of agrarian nature which would help eradicate malnourishment as well as provide greater impetus to manufacturing industries with the primary material of agrarian origin.
- More awareness among men to share household and domestic responsibilities and better breakdown of orthodox norms like ‘women only do household jobs’.
- Elimination of child labor as if both the man and woman works then the view that a child can also be a source of labor diminishes considerably.
- Better access of women to resources like land, property, and education. Such resources strengthen the chances that future generations would suffer from fewer instances of gender discrimination.
Challenges To Achieve Gender Equality
Despite the presence of several checks in place, the case of gender equality till date remains one of the utmost challenges. Several ground realities prevent the proper execution of steps crucial to the real-time implementation of the idea of gender equality.
- There is the customary problem of discrimination between the birth of a boy and girl. Which ensues in a girl having lesser access and opportunities with an education that ultimately helps in female liberalization.
- Rural women face the greater challenge of having odds like societal pressure to get married, have children and all this despite the poverty conditions that might prevail at home.
- Gender violence is a major reason why women from underprivileged and less income square might not be able to access legal help on account of persistent torture.
- At administrative levels too, with a lower representation of women in areas like police, vigilante offices, the gender sensitivity is not very developed which often results in lesser awareness for redressal of women’s issues.
Role Of Education In Women’s life to Achieve Gender Equality
Education plays perhaps the essential role in order to ensure that gender inequality does not become a sustainable development paradox for global well being. In India, people like Raja Rammohan Roy, Savitribai Phule, Sarojini Naidu worked in favor of education reaching more women to improve their awareness and responsiveness to social issues.
A population of women, well educated ensures that her children do not remain tied to the traditional thought process. Moreover, with education alone, women can fight for their own rights, create better opportunities for self-help and improve economic productivity on a centralized scale. Adult education too is an important feature for women’s education and their right to assert gender equality as with adult education programmes several women otherwise uneducated may come to know of their rights better and prevent further exploitation due to lack of educational awareness.
Advantages, Benefits of Gender Equality
The culture of gender equality, more than anything else, does not merely stand for feminism. A world and an India with Gender equality as the cornerstone is beneficial for men as well. The increase in women participation in the labor force marks a greater benefit for the overall GDP growth of the nation, where the rise in economic activities would mean trickle-down effect towards a more decentralized strengthened economy.
More women equality would entail that the cultural effects reach the future generations through children with the successive generation normalizing gender equality as a culture. Women participation in the labor force would also mean a better quality of education as well as improvement in reproductive choice due to heightened awareness of family planning. This would automatically imply that the standard of living for average families also improve with additional income and lower population frame.
Gender Equality In India
India, with a gender development index of 131 and placed 125 out of 159 countries, lags far behind most developed nations with regard to the factor of gender development. While Constitutional forefathers provided for universal application of equality in all fields irrespective of gender, yet customary traditions and norms worked against the women in India.
In India, gender equality is more a myth than a reality. This pertains to various reasons including
- Biasness towards male child
- Viewing women as marriage material
- The dominance of patriarchy in public spheres
- Deep-rooted traditions skewed against women
While these are only a few reasons, the result of these has been bitter in case of gender equality in India. While the GDP of India shows a steady growth, female participation in the labor force has declined considerably with wage gap between male and female population being a constant in the job market. In the Parliament too, only 12.2 percent seats are occupied by females while there is an inequality in education based on gender that stands at a staggering value of 39.4 percent. Even with respect to maternal mortality rates, the rate is 174 for every 100000 births.
Such statistics only show the acute nature of ground inequality of gender in India, which shows that even in 2018, despite women education, at the workplace or at home, between a man and a woman India has achieved little parity in status.
Solutions To Achieve Gender Equality | How to Achieve Gender Equality?
With so much being learned and said about gender equality, how far have we come along the lines of history?! Gender Equality still remains an issue where the question as ‘how to achieve’ still eludes us. The solutions to achieve the same is not a straightforward one. In fact, despite the provision of several legislative and executive acts and powers, gender equality is a continuous process that often begins at home as well as the workplace. Few ways to implement gender equality in society can be as follows:
- At home, women must be given help to share household work as well as adequate respect and financial support for all her contribution to unpaid domestic work
- At the workplace, there must be a definite culture and infrastructure where new mothers can either work from home or have creches to keep their small children so that the woman does not need to worry about children or leave the job altogether
- In the public sphere, harassment and molestation should be dealt with sternly and organizations and campaigns working for it should have adequate funds to support their work
- Children should be imparted values which teach gender neutrality and parity.
- Amendments to existing laws must be made keeping in mind the dynamic atmosphere of sustainable development with women inclusion across the world.
Such actions, on a wider basis, can bring about a change over time with regard to gender equality.
Gender Equality Slogans and Quotes
In 2013-2014 Consumers India organized an All India slogan contest. Their theme was Gender Equality in India. Hundreds of enthusiastic people participated in the same, where it was evident that the modern generation is eager to do away with the history of discrimination as gender inequality as an idea goes against nature.
Slogans based on the futility of idea to worship goddess with zero respect for women to protesting against female foeticide to the disenchantment with fewer women being properly educated were actively raised.
Some Facts and Statistics For Gender Equality
The United Nations, on a periodic basis, comes up with several reports to highlight the status of gender equality across the globe. Few facts that come up with such a report based on 2016 are:
- 22.8 percent females are able to hold Parliamentary positions
- In the least Developed countries, conflict-torn countries and areas of Sub Saharan Africa, the instances of girls not accessing to education are highest. Also, school drop out instances grows 2.5 times higher than countries without such troubles.
- Over 7.5 million girls across the globe were married before attaining adulthood.
- Self-employment or entrepreneurship is still lesser in women and more among young men.
In India, facts already discussed jointly raise the considerable question on the sustainable development paradox prevailing through gender inequality across the world.
Gender Equality Acts, Laws and Campaigns: Concluding for the Start
Several acts and laws are in place to curb the social evil called gender inequality. In the United States, Acts that advocate equal pay to men and women was passed as early as in 1963. In the United Kingdom, there is the Act of Equality passed in 2010, which replaced all previous laws regarding gender discrimination and propounded that it seeks workplace equality and prevents discrimination based on sex in every other sphere of public life.
In India, a Uniform civil code is applied to every individual irrespective of their gender in order to create the basis of the fundamental right of equality of individuals. Further Acts like Equal Remuneration Act of 1976, Prohibition Of Dowry Act 1961, Abolition of Sex Determination Test Act in 1994 all these sought to provide the basis of redressal and establish the case of gender equality in India. Further, the Hindu Succession Amendment Act of 2005 that provisioned equal right of inheritance of daughters on the lines of the son was a commendable breakthrough to end the judicial discrimination of inheritance for Hindu women in India.
In 2013, post the Nirbhaya incident, the government passed on the Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal Act of 2013 for sexual harassment cases registered at the workplace. The law also makes it mandatory to establish a women’s harassment and redressal department or cell at the workplace.
Further, there takes place regular campaigns and exists several dedicated bodies across the international forum for specifically addressing the concerns of women and gender relating issues. In 2008, United Nations launched the Unite to End Violence Against Women campaign in order to promote universal human rights against the violence of any form, especially to the women and girls by coordinating and strengthening national law system.
On Women’s Day in 2016, the Transgender Equality Group in Europe asserted the harmonious coexistence of transgender rights and gender equality of women saying that they were mutually strengthening and did not threaten the development of the other.
The recent hashtag movement of #HeForShe, #MeToo, #TimesUp, such social media activism goes a long way in promoting the concepts of gender neutrality as an important residue of gender parity movement. The celebration of occasions like Gender Equality Day on August 26 or Women’s Day on 8th of March, marks the culmination of all efforts that leading NGOs, trusts and UN movements carry forward the entire year.
Equality is the right of every human being in the world. Discrimination based on the gender of a person is an evil thing and should be abolished by the society. The youth of today if works together to eradicate the gender inequality then it would potentially be benefiting the successive generations altogether promoting a culture of gender equality and equity.
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