Here in this article, we are discussing the ways to save rivers from pollution or drying up. Information given here is in essay format, but you can use it for speech too. As this is very frequently asked essay and paragraph topic you can expect for your exam too.
Essay on How to Save Rivers – Life Lines of India
India is a civilization which flourished on banks of great rivers like holy Ganga, Sindhu, Krishna, Kaveri. We worshiped these rivers for generations which are now on verge of depleting. All major rivers don’t run for all year round, they bring flood in monsoon and drought in summer. These perennial rivers which ran and helped the human, animals, and creatures around it for generations now hardly reach to the ocean in summer. These are not just the rivers these are lifelines of India. We destroyed the legacy of generations in few decades and if we don’t wake up now and save the rivers, the days will not far where people will kill each other for the water.
The whole planet has only 3% of drinkable water, out of which 2/3 is frozen on polar ice caps, that leaves only 1% of drinkable water for the whole world. In India, we already consume 75% less water and if we don’t do anything to save rivers then by 2030 it will reduce to 50%. We need to act now. These rivers give us life and in return, we killed them. Here are few ways we can save the rivers in India.
Stop Deforestation – Plant Trees
There is major deforestation going on in India, we fetch land form jungles and agriculture for residential buildings, industries and factories at an unprecedented level. We cut trees for paper production, for building material, road constructions and for fire wood. We need to bring down this unmanaged deforestation. The government needs to enforce the environmental policies. A lot of corruption happens in agriculture and forest land deals, the strong law needs to be applied for corrupts.
We need to plant more and more trees instead. Trees make land porous to absorb water in monsoon. Its roots, fallen leaves, organic matter around it reduce the speed of water and helps it to get absorbed in mother earth. Which increases the water table levels, and keep rivers running after monsoon too. If there are trees around the rivers then soil holds the moisture which helps rivers to flow all year around.
Sadguru Jaggi Maharaj launched a mega project called: Ralley for rivers. Which tells that we need to plant trees on both sides of rivers. This will help on both flood and droughts situations, it will reduce soil erosion and improve the water quality.
We need such people, politicians, celebrities to spread the awareness about river conservation. Rally for rivers also has art, essay, video competitions for school and colleges students. The aim of these contest and prizes is to make the youth think about rivers, learn the importance of rivers and come up with newer solutions to save rivers.
Rain Water Harvesting and Paan Lot System
We are fortunate that we get rain in monsoon season, but most of the water that mother earth bestows us goes waste. We need to save this water, with rain harvesting system. These systems are not new, these are there for a long time, the problem is that we don’t use it. State governments should make it compulsory to all households in the rural area and for all societies, colonies in urban areas. Rain water harvesting helps to absorb the rain water if it is implemented at big level can rejuvenate wells, rivers, and eco-system around it.
There is another method for rain water conservation called “Paan Lot”. With this technique we dont let the water run off from the surface in monsoon. Paan Lot reduces soil erosion, increases underwater table levels and can help us to save the rivers.
Paan Lot – Peoples movement
Mr. perfectionist Aamir Khan under Paani Foundation banner started this movement under the disguise of a competition called “Satyamev Jayate Water Cup” in Maharashtra state. Under this competition; more than 1000 villages from drought affected areas of Maharashtra participate, learned the paan lot methods and implemented it with help of villagers. No funds are given, no outside help, villages need to do it with “Shram Daan”. This is not a government project but a peoples movement.
Every living animal needs water, life can not sustain without water. We all consume water daily but when it comes to saving water or rivers; hardly few make any effort, we are all consumed in our rat race. Government policies, projects are important and those have to be planned and implemented but we need to make it a peoples movement. We have a living example in Maharastra, we need to extend it to the whole India. We need to do it voluntarily for our next generation. Do we want to see our children and grandchildren getting killed for a bottle of water?
Rivers in rural are drying up and urban rivers becoming the absolute dumping grounds. River pollution is a very big problem in cities and industrial areas. Industries dump toxic industrial waste into rivers, which kill aquatic ecosystem and affects people who are directly dependant on those rivers. In cities, all rivers turned into a sewage canal. In Mumbai’s there is a river called as “Mithee” means “Sweet” but there nothing sweet about it. It has become a big gutter, one cannot even bear the odor while crossing it from overbridge. Government policies are already there but the administration is failed to enforce them and that is the story of almost all cities and towns in India. We need to bring in better waste management policies mainly in urban areas. We need to come up with innovative ideas to save rivers from pollution.
River Front Beautification
We need to promote river beautification like Sabarmati river front. Western countries give immense importance to their rivers. They develop river fronts, parks, playing grounds around to make people feel the importance of rivers. In India also we need make people enjoy life near rivers so that they understand the value of rivers.
We abused rivers for a long time, it is no more a time to exploit water. We are in a dire need of solutions to save water and rivers or else water will be the single reason for the apocalyptic situation for our next generation. If we care for our children and grand children we need to act now. Save Water, Save Rivers, Save Planet….