Essay on Plastic Waste Free India in English (1500 Words)

Essay on Plastic Waste Free India in English

In this article, we are giving you a sample essay on a plastic waste free India or essay on plastic free India. In Prime Minister’s independence day speech announced the ban on single-use plastic, since then it is one of the talked topics in media and in the country. So, we guess that schools and colleges might ask this topic in exams or for speech and essay competitions. So we have written a sample essay on plastic waste free India in English, you guys can read it and use it as a reference to write an excellent essay on top of it.

Please note that this is a big essay of 1500 words. But after analyzing the information you can convert this essay into an essay of 250, 300, 500, 700, 1000, 1200 words extra. Information given here can also help you in writing a speech on plastic waste free India topic. Will try to give you a separate speech on the topic and we will provide the link here.

Essay on Plastic Waste Free India in English (1500 Words)

Before trying to find a solution we need to acknowledge that there is a problem, then only one might find the solution. First, we have to accept that our country India is not the cleanest in the world. Rather we can say that we are one of the dirtiest countries. (I, as an Indian, feel very bad to say this but this is the truth). We have to keep aside our nationalism and emotions and face this fact then only we might find a solution to this very pressing problem.

On August 15, in his Independence Day address, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the ban on single-use plastic i.e. plastic bags, cups, plates, pet bottle, straws and sachets under Plastic Waste Free India campaign from 2nd October 2019. Though it is not a sudden ban on the single use plastic, there is is a big concern among the people and businesses alike. This campaign aims to end the use of single is plastic by 2022.

Understanding the Plastic Waste Problem

First where to understand that plastic is very useful material. It is is easy to produce, it is cheap, and industries are already built around it. Plastic is used everyone in their daily lives and the industries too.

In some cases, plastic cannot be replaced easily e.g. retail, packaging, logistics, etc because of the facilities the plastic offers. But to reduce the amount of plastic going into landfills, rivers, and oceans a ban or limited use of single use plastic can work. Single use plastic means plastic which cannot be e reused or recycled i.e PET bottles, straws, plastic foam containers, sachets, etc. This plastic ends up in landfills, rivers, and oceans which pollute the environment and ultimately comes into our food.

India generates 25940 tons of plastic every day out of which 10300 tons a day is not collected. Cities like Delhi Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, and Kolkata are the highest plastic waste generators. Plastic waste is a global problem; 6.3 billion ton plastic waste is accumulated globally, out of which 79% of plastic and ends up in landfills and natural environment. The United States of America has the highest plastic consumption per capita i.e. 109 kg. Second is the China which consumes 38 kg per person and at 3rd spot, we Indians consume 11 kg of plastic per capita. (reference:

In India, the state of Sikkim is a pioneer in waste management. It has the lowest plastic footprint in India. They are working on it from 1998, Sikkim is also top state in organic produce. Sikkim is a small state so the strategies and policies worked there may or may not work in highly industrialized and geographically Big states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan etc.

Policy Implementation

In 2016, amendments were made in Plastic Waste Management Rules which states rule for collecting, segregating and recycling plastic. After three year no significant progress is made in this regard. Municipal corporations across the country failed to implements the policy.

Non-viable Plastic Alternatives

A lot of countries across the world like Israel, Britain and many other doing progress in finding the alternative to the plastics. Compostable biodegradable material can be used instead of plastic. Bagasse, flour, corn starch, seaweed are used for making an alternative to plastic. Even silicon is considered as a plastic alternative, though it is not biodegradable it is easy to recycle.

Though the world is making good progress on finding the alternative to the plastic, all of these alternatives are not a viable solution; at least now. An alternative to plastic also needs to be easy and fast to produce, affordable and should offer better adaptability for businesses.

Effect on Industries

Industries like packaging, retail use plastic in heavy quantities. They use plastic tapes, wrappers, foam fillers, containers. e-commerce like Amazon, Flipkart; food delivery businesses like Swiggy, Zomato is getting very popular in India. They process millions of orders monthly and they use the plastic items for packaging purpose. Plastic is cannot be simply banned in this case as there is not possible viable alternative on the horizon. Yes, but they can use different strategies to reduce plastic footprint. Amazon stopped using plastic packets to stick invoices on the delivery box, reduced the amounts of air in plastic air-filled bags. Such strategies can make small changes in the use of plastic but still these and similar business has to rely on plastic.

Lots of small and medium scale businesses are built around plastic. We use plastic buckets, chairs, doors, and what not.. all these products are made with non-biodegradable plastic. Banning all plastic product will make these and dependents businesses bankrupt. Millions will lose their jobs. That is why the government is not banning all types of plastic because they cannot. Because of these issues, Plastic Waste Free India campaign is targetting single-use plastic only.

Effect on daily lives on a common man

The main item in single use plastic category that common people use more is a carry bags. We use carry bags for various purposes like to get our grocery, meat, vegetable, etc. We use plastic or plastic foam-based plates, cups, containers in parties and functions. we use plastic water bottles and straws at restaurants. Ban on single-use plastic under Plastic Waste Free India campaign will affect commons man’s daily life. We have to accept that these plastic products do provide facility and convenience.

There are some things that people can do on their own like using cloth or paper bags, metal containers, etc. But even these good habits of using cloth, paper, metal will put more stress on the environment. More cotton needs to be grown for clothes, more trees need to be cut for paper, more ore needs to mine and process for metal products. Scientist using potato, corn starch, grain flour as a base to find an alternative to plastic, but in the country like India where millions of people sleep on half stomach how they will produce these crops as an alternative to plastic?

People Awareness

Europian countries are known for their cleanliness. Most of the Indians have a dream to travel Europe for its architecture and environment. European countries Sweden imports millions of tons of waste garbage each year from Norway and the United Kingdom. Sweden has the best waste management policies and facilities. Only 1% of their garbage reach landfills and 99% of it is recycled, reused or converted into energy. When a tourist from India goes to these countries they never throw garbage, plastic on the road, but as soon as they come back to India they retreat to their old habits.

Even though it can cost our own and others lives, we jump traffic signals, we don’t wear helmets and seatbelt. The “Chalta Hai” attitude and indiscipline of Indian people also helping the plastic pollution. If we segregate dry and wet garbage at home it will be easier for waste management, but we don’t do it. No authority in no country goes to peoples home to segregate dry and wet garbage. We, people need to change our habits. This plastic reaches landfills and water bodies because of us only. Yes, industries are responsible for more pollution, but these are the same people from the same society.


All of the plastic products or even single use plastic cannot be banned overnight like demonetization. It has to be a phased implementation. Startups, legacy businesses, social activist, scientist, and governments need to work together to minimize plastic use. The government needs to work with other countries and the global scientific community for waste management and recycling technology transfer.

Solution to plastic pollution
A single method will never work, all parties need work in harmony to find the working solution. The government urged the PWD and NHAI to use plastic waste using hot mix process for bitumen-based roads, it increases road life and offers better resistance to water. It increases the life of the road by 2 years and saves 10% of the cost in materials. India authorities already started work on this and using plastic in road construction. This is one of the important points in plastic waste free india campaign.

On August 28, 2019, Union Minister of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences Harsh Vardhan inaugurated a demonstration plant for converting plastic waste to diesel. This Homegrown, environmentally friendly technology is developed by the Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP) can convert 1 tonne of plastic (polyolefinic) waste into 800 liters of automotive-grade diesel every day. More than half of the Indian airports are now single-use plastic free. Six private airports are also working in the same direction.


It is a good sign that the prime minister of India is keenly interested in Swachh Bharat i.e clean India. In his first term, he started the Clean India Campaign. Though this is very appreciable move, it hasn’t reached its zenith. Now he is promoting the ban on single use plastic under Plastic Waste Free India campaign. The success of this campaign needs to watch out. There are two variables in this equation, one is government and another is we, all .. the people. Yes, the government is lacking in providing the basic infrastructure required for the clean country but at the same time, the discipline and willingness to keep our country is absent in Indian people. If we, the people are part of the problem then we have to part of the solution too.

Note: If this sample essay on plastic free India helped you in any sense then you can give us a good rating. Let us know your opinion on plastic pollution in the comment box below.

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