Education has a great importance in our life. Education makes us able to read, write, learn and make suitable decisions in our life. Education gives us the meaning of earning our living. It helps us to survive. A human being is always a student. We keep learning from our first breath to our last. We gain knowledge from the learning and use this knowledge for in our daily life. And for a student education is the most important thing.
Hence schools and colleges keep working on making the students understand the importance of education and why it is necessary to get an education to survive in life. They are asked to write essays, speeches on topics like “the importance of education in our life”, “education is the key to success”, “education is the most powerful weapon”, “essay on education system” etc.
In this article, we have given you all the information about the topic education, such as the history of education, the importance of education, problems in today’s education system, the difference between ancient and modern education, solutions to improve the education system, is education a boon or bane? This information will help you to write a better essay, speech on Education in your exams, essay, speech competitions, and competitive exams like IAS. So, let’s start.
Essay on Education, Speech
The World Bank defines education as the most important tool which is capable to drive in development besides being instrumental in eradicating poverty, gender inequality and other social problems of the current world. It is the process that facilitates learning of age-old concepts, blending it with the present-day situation as well as developing values like culture, humanism, sensitivity apart from a subject-specific understanding of disciplines. Education need not always be one that is provided in schools alone. It can be so that education is imparted through storytelling, visual and theatrical aids.
Basically, education does not start and end at learning. Learning is a part of education but not education in its whole. For example, a child who has learned how to do addition in mathematics, if they cannot interpret addition of numbers in real life, say for example adding two potatoes with three cucumbers, will be learned but cannot be said to be fully educated. In Sub Saharan Africa for example, despite a huge drive to induct more children in schools, most children cannot acquire finer skills required for higher studies in life and also over 40 percent could not do basic one digit addition. Therefore one should always remember that education is not just going to school or memorizing things, but it is the development of cognitive faculties.
History of Education
With reference to the evolution of human life, school and formal education system are a relatively recent phenomenon. Education was primarily devised as there appeared problems of disbursing knowledge on one to one basis across several generations. In earlier times, education was mostly motivated by hard physical discipline in case the student or students erred in learning. Early traces of education can be found in Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations. The formal start of education also coincided with the ability of writing that helped generations to code down the teachings they wished to pass on to the next generation.
Jews were one of the earliest people to recognize the significance of education and hence harped on giving education to every child irrespective of their class affiliations. Among the Greek civilization, the Spartan civilization was different from the rest as they planned to bring in education for women as well. The Middle Ages saw the end of the Roman and Greek system of education which was replaced by ungraded learning concepts mostly in order to make future clergymen out of pupils. Harsh discipline, the lowest level of innovation marked those eras. The modern age saw the reinforced belief on innovation, all-round development with some changes along 17th to 19th centuries based on the levels of strict curriculum or the extent of liberal thoughts imparted.
Importance of Education in Life | Why Education is Important?
The significance of education cannot be debated under any circumstances. In the simplest form of significance, making education the most valuable skill would render any country or community far more progressed in every sense. It is only through education that a person learns how to differentiate between a right and wrong path. Education alone makes any skill more easy to learn for people who are new to any particular skill.
In a purely economic sense, education is the means by which human capital is better utilized in terms of acquiring skills which in turn leads to greater productivity required by companies and institutions in order to make better innovations and technological progress. With an educated population, a country significantly raises the human development progress as there is a greater level of awareness regarding welfare schemes, public utility setups with active citizen participation. In the long run, with a high level of the educated human labor force, there can be better resource allocation and governance in a territory.
Education, for its importance also has a definite role to play with regards to ensuring higher earnings for people who can substantially keep pace with dynamism in educational skills. The higher earnings would ultimately help raise productivity and a country’s overall progress.
Education Then and Now | Difference between Ancient and Modern Education
The models governing education have come a long way from being developed as a tutor-disciple interaction to the more modern learning for primarily training purposes. In ancient Greece, children were taught in a manner which necessarily focused on their future capacity to become responsible citizens. There was definite importance delivered on their overall development which included their ability to fight and be readily trained in practical administration issues. Their focus in the ancient system was more upon all round development for which they were even trained in recitation, memorizing epics and poems to the extent they could readily recite it or quote it whenever required.
It was a usual practice in the ancient system of education to have a relatively close bond with teachers and elders in the family, who would be as involved as the tutor teaching the child. The hallmark of the ancient Greek system of education was the fact that two years were compulsorily devoted for the purpose of training in the military at the end of the education life.
In ancient India too, primarily under the Vedic system of education, the factor of ‘Guru Shishya’ relationship and associated interaction was much like the ancient Greek system of education. However, a regressive form of education could be seen whereupon, the prevalent caste system of the society reflected in the gurukuls as well. Gurukuls acted like modern-day boarding schools, where children were sent early in age for completing their education. The Shudras, standing lowest in caste system were denied education as it was supposed that they lacked important skills and would only be involved either in slavery for the higher castes or be engaged in menial jobs. The higher castes like Brahmins and Kshatriyas as well as Vaishyas were involved in learning philosophy, warfare, and business respectively. Learning of Vedas was compulsory for all the higher castes which were however denied to the Shudras.
The modern-day education system has a lot to do with universal appeal and being extremely purpose oriented no matter the geographic location. A very important difference in modern day education from the older generation is the acknowledgment of the fact that women need to have education rights on an equal footing as men. This has marked a paradigm shift from the earlier times where education was mostly meant only for boys and men.
The present-day education system is based upon a common curriculum till a specific age, like in India, it is up to age 15 whereas abroad it is often 12 or 13 and then afterward students are free to select subjects which interests them specifically. Unlike earlier times when one tutor had the capacity to multi-task, in the modern generation, most teachers are specialized in various fields while it is only in the primary years of education a single teacher imparts a common role in several different fields.
Another essential area where the modern day has made a wide deviation from earlier education style is the emphasis upon textbooks and already accepted knowledge form. Previously, there were books which imparted knowledge in a manner that made students think upon them and apply them wisely in independent decisions they made. Nowadays, almost everywhere, the primary focus is delegated to how well students ‘learn’ from textbooks which in the long run inhibits free thinking and interpreting abilities.
In India, the textbook culture was introduced by the British which presently has turned the children’s education into a market where knowledge is more a commodity than the most essential value. Continuous and regular examination system to marks a shift from the previous generation and evaluation solely through grades and marks is definitely something that has made modern day education more of a product-oriented system with much less creativity to harness in children.
Problems in Today’s Education System
The vital system of education is currently faced with several challenges. To discuss some of them, one can zero in on the following points:
This is by far a serious problem that faces the education system worldwide today. In the US too, the number of families under the poverty level stands at 22 percent which means educating each child from a family of 2 to 3 children might get impossible after a basic education is completed. In India too, poverty forces many families to make their kids drop out from school due to lack of facilities required to support further education.
The discrepancy in Education standards
By this, we mean to say that in various parts of the world there is a stark difference existing in the standard of education imparted upon people who cannot afford high fee schools and children who can. Usually, the low-income groups are often taught in schools lacking facilities like the laboratory, library, adequate toilet facilities and various aids of teaching. This by default creates a wide gap between children once they reach the competitive stages of later life.
Health of Students
In India, malnourishment is a critical problem that affects over 25 percent of children resulting in anemia or stunted growth. A similar case may be observed in Sub Saharan Africa as well. Malnourishment not only denies children of basic nutrition but also makes the children prone to diseases, stunted IQ growth and frequent worming which ultimately forces them to perform badly in education. Education being a holistic way of development of an individual, the health of children is utmost important to be preserved.
Technology and Commercial distractions
These days, technological gadgets have invaded classrooms and excessive commercialization have made children more product and fast result oriented. This has a serious potential to distract children from learning in a sustainable and structured manner which is often replaced by merely focusing on grades and immediate result oriented teaching and learning.
Solutions to Improve Education System
The problems in present-day education can be well approached by solutions that can ensure education giving its real value to its recipients.
Organizing Education Budget
Allocation of several budget heads under various educational needs instead of a clubbed allocation for education is one of the ways in which developing countries can ensure infrastructural and other facilities reach their potential target. This can help to remove bottlenecks of infrastructure lag and reshape the state-sponsored education providers.
Adequate monitoring of health and family life among students
A renewed emphasis should be given to the family life of kids with more compassionate teachers being available for counseling in order to understand child psychology better. Mid-day meal like concepts as in India, take care of nutrition as well as make parents send kids to school for the free meal as well.
Focus on Innovation, Interpretation and Value-based Pedagogy
The importance of taking up education on lines of holistic approach rather than a standardized rote approach is extremely essential. Just learning from textbooks and googling important concepts cannot help to build skills which would be required in the future for forging innovation and applying conceptual understanding to solve ever-evolving and complex problems. Pedagogy should be adequately monitored so that mental faculties and physical faculties improve and not just score marks.
Focus on Women’s education and Adult Education
A report stated that if male and female employment rates matched in proportion, then the GDP of the US and Japan would increase by 5 and 9 percent respectively. This proves a huge underutilized proportion of economic progress currently lying idle due to lack of education to women and girls. Even introducing adult education would considerably raise the prospect of having existing uneducated adult population be brought under-educated class and ensure better economic prospects for them.
Making education more universal and value-neutral
While it is important to make children and young people learn regional, local value systems, yet formal education should see more universally harmonious teaching to be imparted. For example, while teaching the greatness of Indian independent movement leaders, there should also be an emphasis on how liberal thoughts shaped their thoughts taken from the west. That way, a balance of local and global values would be better achieved and ultimately enable young minds to become more accommodative of different worldviews.
Is Education a Boon or Bane?
The value of education cannot be underrated under any circumstance. However, one should exercise caution to not use their education for purposes which are immoral or can inflict loss and harm to any person, community or creed. Hitler’s Nazi Army, for example, had several doctors who used their knowledge to devise gas chambers and selective termination of Jews. This serves as an example that education should be channelized only as a boon and not used for purposes that destroy in any manner.
Imagining a world where every person is educated should be the dream for any youth in this generation. To achieve the same, it is highly imperative that we seek active education drives, cooperate with NGOs working for the same and raise funds in order to make education for all a reality.
Tips for Essay on Education
Not everyone can write long and perfect essays. But this art of writing a perfect essay with perfect introduction statement, paragraph body and conclusion can be mastered with practice. Here are some tips which will help you to learn how to write a perfect essay and it will help you to write your essay on education. So let’s go ahead.
- Essays are made of several sections such as thesis statement or introduction of the essay, the several paragraphs information body and ending the essay with the conclusion. Write your essay on education according to this structure.
- There are various types of essays such as persuasive essay, expository essay, etc. Try to determine what type of essay on education you want to write in your assignment, homework, exam, or essay writing competition.
As you are writing an essay on education, making spelling and grammar mistakes can be a big irony. 😀 So avoid making any spelling and grammar mistakes in your essay on education.
- Try to keep your essay on education neat and clean.
- Before starting to write your essay on education, decide the key points and subpoints of your essay, keep them in mind or write them down roughly, such as introduction, history of education, the importance of education, problems in the education system etc.
- The conclusion of your essay on education should be short yet meaningful.
Tips for Speech on Education
You must have seen an impeccable speaker delivering an epic speech in front of thousands of people with a lot of grace and confidence and wondered how does he/she do it. Well, not everyone can be a successful speaker but the art of delivering the perfect speech can be mastered with practice. Here are some tips which will help you in your speech on education. Let’s see them.
- The essence of any speech is the confidence of the speaker. A speech delivered with confidence can touch the hearts of the audience.
- I know most of us to have stage fear, but with practice and trial n error approach you can gain confidence to deliver the perfect speech you wanted. It’s a long-term process. It won’t happen overnight. So be patient and keep practicing.
- You can practice your speech on education in front of your friends, family member which is comparatively a smaller audience. This will give you the courage to face the crowd and deliver your speech.
- Be loud enough to be audible to the people in the last row of the auditorium too. You don’t want your speech on education to be listened only by the half of the audience. If you are provided with a mic and speaker system then first check the volume, range, and pitch of the mic by doing a mic check.
- Keep your voice clear and loud. Do not mumble.
- Make a good use of hand gestures and your body language while delivering your speech on education.
I hope you like this essay, article. If yes then please Rate the article with 5 stars and leave a comment in the comment section below. 🙂