India is a country of various cultures living under the same hood peacefully for thousands of years. Our festivals are the symbols of our rich culture and heritage. In India, every festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and cheerfulness no matter to which religion that festival belongs to. There are many popular festivals in India such as Holi, Diwali, Ganeshotsav, Basant Panchami and one of such popular festivals is Baisakhi Festival. The festival of Baisakhi is celebrated across India with great happiness and joy. During the time period of this festival students in schools are asked to write an essay, speech or a paragraph on the topic of Baisakhi festival to spread more information about our festivals and to make students understand the importance of festivals.
So, in this article, we are giving you all the information about the Baisakhi Festival, Mela, fair. This article contains the information such as what is Baisakhi? the reasons behind why it is celebrated? what are the history and story of the Baisakhi festivals and the importance of celebrating the Baisakhi festival? This information will definitely help you to write the best essay speech and paragraph on the topic of Baisakhi festival in the English language. So let’s start.
Essay on Baisakhi Festival Speech, Paragraph, and Article in the English Language
Baisakhi is one of the popular festivals celebrated across India with great spirit. It is widely celebrated across India, especially in the north Indian regions like Punjab. Baisakhi is also known as Vaisakhi, Vaisaki or Vaishaki, is a Punjabi and Sikh festival. According to the Nanakshahi and the Mool Nanakshai calendar, it is to be celebrated on the fourteenth day of the month of April. This is in 2018 the Baisakhi is celebrated on the date 14th April 2018. Baisakhi marks the birth of their religious leader Khalsa’s way of living for Sikhs, and for the Punjabis, it is the festival which celebrates the spring harvest season and the Solar New Year.
Origin, Story, History of Baisakhi Festival
The tradition of Baisakhi began with the persecution followed by an execution of Sikhs’ ninth religious leader/ the ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Teg Bahadur by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb after he refused to convert to Islam. Guru Teg Bahadur was seen as a threat by the Mughal emperor and was therefore put to death. After his demise, Guru Gobind Singh because of the tenth leader of the Sikh community. He called a congregation of the Sikh community in the year of 1699, on the day of Baisakhi as he wished to inculcate the values of valor and resilience in them. He gave a puissant speech which instilled feelings of intrepidity and the importance of sacrifice amongst his men. Out of that congregation, the guru came up with his Panj Piara or the ‘Beloved Five’ and said that ‘’every great deed was preceded by equally great sacrifice’.
The Guru, along with his wife them performed a Pahul ceremony to bless the five men. The blessed water from that ceremony is now called ‘Amrit’ or the water of immortality. The Amrit was distributed amongst the people present in the congregation after being drunk by the Panj Piara. Everyone present during the Pahul ceremony there then became the members of Khalsa Panth or ‘the Order of the Pure Ones’ regardless of their caste, creed or sex. Guru Gobind Singh also ordered all the Sikhs to wear the famous five Ks; Kesh or long hair, Kangi or comb, Kripaan or dagger, Kachha or shorts and a Kada or bracelet. He also asked them to accept the Granth Sahib as their eternal religious guide and give up the tradition of Gurus.
Reasons, Purpose of Celebrating the Baisakhi Festival
Indian is a land of many cultures, and they all celebrate Baisakhi differently. For the Sikh community and Sikhism, it marks the start of the Khalsa Panth. On this day in the year of 1699, Guru Gobind Singh put an end to the tradition of Sikh leaders or Gurus and inaugurated the Khalsa Panth way of life. He also asked all the members of the Sikh community to accept the Granth Sahib as their religious book/ holy book. Sikhs usually celebrate this day by doing the Bhangra and the Gidda dance after dressing up in their traditional attire. Their dances tell the stories of the hard work of farming, from the very first step. The dance gets vigorous and expressive as the beats get faster. They depict soiling, plowing, weeding, sowing and repeaing the harvest.
In Hinduism, it depicts the beginning of the new solar year and is also celebrated on the thirteenth of April every year. Several hundreds of Hindus go to the banks of the sacred river Ganga for the ritual bathing as they believe that the goddess Ganga came down on the planet earth thousands and thousands of years ago. Hindus usually bathe, worship and then party on this day every year. In south India, in the state of Kerala, Baisakhi has a whole new name, called Vishu. People of Kerala engage in setting up arrangements of flowers, food, grains, money, cloth, jewelry- especially gold very early in the morning as they believe that this results in prosperity for the whole year. They light firecrackers, set up displays which are called Vishu Kani and shop for clothes. The festival of Baisakhi is called Bohag Bihu in the state of Assam and they indulge in music, dance, and huge feasts.
Importance of Baisakhi Festival | Benefits and Advantages of Baisakhi
Every festival has its own significance and importance and same goes for the festival of Baisakhi. Following are the importance and benefits of celebrating the Baisakhi.
- Baisakhi brings people and communities together in celebration. When people come together, they share their values, thoughts, ideas, and happiness with each other. Celebrating the festival of Baisakhi helps to create a social harmony in the society as every other festival does.
- The celebration of Baisakhi festival depicts the hard work and toiling that farming requires as well as the joy of harvest. It shows the hard work of farmers and helps to increase the respect for them.
- It brings good vibes and happiness as it also marks the new year. In Hinduism, it depicts the beginning of the new solar season which is also celebrated on the thirteenth of April yearly. Several hundreds of Hindus visit the banks of the sacred river Ganga for the ritual cleansing as they believe the goddess Ganga came down on the planet soil thousands and thousands of years ago.
- For the Sikh community, it marks the start of the Khalsa Panth. About this day back in 1699, Guru Gobind Singh put an end to the tradition of Sikh leaders or Gurus and inaugurated the Khalsa Panth way of life. He also asked all the members of the Sikh community to agree to the Granth Sahib as their guide.
Celebration Ideas, and Activities to celebrate the Baisakhi Festival | How the Baisakhi festival is celebrated?
On the day of Baisakhi, everyone is dressed up in colorful traditional clothes. They visit the Gurdwara to thank the Gods for their harvest and pray for a prosperous year. Kada Prasad and other sweets are distributed after the prayer meet and many families organize langars as well. They come back and celebrate by bhangra and Gidda dancing to the beats of the dhol in the fields. The dance isn’t very complicated but is very vigorous and takes up a lot of energy. Several fairs for Baisakhi are also organized at different places and are called Baisakhi Melas.
We all know how important it is to instil our cultural and religious values into our children. It can be a daunting and difficult task. A few ways in which we can celebrate Baisakhi with kids are as follows:
- We can read books to children or read books with them and make sure they know about the importance of the festival and Sikhism. We could also gift them beautiful picture books as they interest children.
- We can plant gardens with the little ones. Since they are visual learners, they will understand better, respect and learn the value of the harvest season.
- We can involve children in the preparation of ate ka halwa of karah prashad and kheer which are distributed after the prayer session on Baisakhi.
- Children can also be taught how to make and fly their own kites.
- We can make the children understand the value of sacrifice and courage in Sikhism by encouraging them to make lion masks, as derived from the surname they take over (‘Singh’ means lion).
- Talk to them about Vaisakhi and indulge in crosswords related to Baisakhi.
- Learn and teach the children Mool Mantar and dress them up in traditional clothes.
- Take the kids to a Gurdwara and engage in prayer.
Our festivals are the symbols of our rich culture and heritage. The Baisakhi or Vaisakhi is a Sikh and Hindu festival which marks the arrival of the spring harvest season and the Khalsa Panth way of life given by Guru Gobind Singh as well as the new solar year, respectively. Baisakhi festival helps to bring people together and share happiness. The festival of Baisakhi helps to increase the social harmony.
Tips for the Essay on Baisakhi Festival, Mela, Fair
Following are some best tips to write a short or long essay on the topic of Baisakhi festival.
- An essay is generally made of three sections, starting with the introduction of the topic, then the main story and ending with the conclusion. Write your essay in this format.
- Use a dark inked pen to write your essay to make more impact.
- Keep your handwriting neat and clean.
- If you are participating in an essay competition, then utilize your time properly.
- Before writing the essay, try to think what points you are gonna include in the essay.
- Be accurate with the numbers, dates, and statistics.
- Use quotes, the figure of speech and proverbs wherever you find suitable.
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