The English language has been a language with a profound influence on the world. It is not only an old language but also a language which has been more popular and dynamic compared to several languages across the world. The English language is also an important part of today’s education system around the world. It is considered as a global language and language of business and communication around the world.
In this article, we have given you all the information about the English language. This essay, speech contains the information such as the history of English language, comparison between the ancient English and modern English, Importance of English language in student’s life, the significance of English and our mother tongue. This information will help you to write a perfect essay, form a better speech, and also in paragraph writing about the English language. So, let’s start.
Speech, Essay on the English Language
Historical and Origin of the English language
Attempting the explanation of the start of a language is a task involving great difficulty. A language like English, which is one of the oldest and most widely spoken across the world, has several ethnographic as well as chronological influence on its evolution. English for its origin has Germanic tribal influence over it. Germania, remaining independent of the Roman Empire in northern Europe, had several tribes under it. While several tribal groups under Batavi, Tungri, Frisvi were deployed under the Roman command of England, under the Migration period, Roman power was challenged by the growing Germanic power.
Eventually, the Romans gave up on the English island and it was the Germanic settlement that had its way in England. North Sea Germanic dialect formed one of the oldest English language spoken along the North coast like Denmark, Netherlands and north-west Germany, which had the major confluence of the modern west Germanic dialect.
With time, the dialects of these Germanic settlers developed into what is known as the modern Anglo Saxon dialect. There is little evidence of the transformation of early Germanic language into Anglo Saxon or Old English dialect owing to the unavailability of much-written records. During the 7th, 8th and 9th centuries, the various writings which were discovered consisted of a variety of English dialects spoken in a rather inconsistent manner across various tribal affiliations still holding strong.
The Celts and Scandinavian settlements had a heavy influence on the Anglo Saxon version of English as these invaders and settlers gave several words like wine (from Latin word Vinum) and take (from Nordic version). Post the Germanic settlers advent into mainstream England, Northumbrian, Kentish and West Saxon were the dialects that formed the basis of Old English while modern English was mainly derived from Mercian dialect. Scandinavian settlement coinciding with the arrival of Christianity led to a heavy loaning of words from Latin and developed a strong Old Norse influence. Along with these two, there was the trend to develop a native equivalent to foreign words which showed up in Old English language. While the modern English language readily adapted the foreign words. This gave birth to the Trilingualism concept which included English (of the Germanic to Anglo Saxon order), French and Latin usage.
Provisions of the Oxford shows a great deal about Middle English and is the first government document to be released after the Norman Conquest in the English language. Anglo-Norman and French was the language of the elite and French continued to be a prestigious language despite the fall of Norman dialect. The 15th century saw the rise of the Vowel Shift, which saw a heavy shift in pronunciation and London based printing and dialect getting an upper hand. In order to maintain regularization of capitalism and accommodate the changes of Renaissance, the English language became more standardized across geography and modern English language came into effect.
Ancient versus Modern English
Old English or the Ancient English has been said to last by Albert Baugh from 450 to 1150 or 5th to 11th century till the Norman arrival in England. It mostly covered the Anglo Saxon settlement in Britain but was not an entirely Celtic dialect. Old English mostly reflected the various dialects across geographical areas. Post Christianisation in the 7th century, Old English literacy arrived in general and the earliest written document in it was the Caedmon’s Hymn of the 7th century. Old English was more known as a synthetic language and derived heavily from West Germanic dialect. Scotland and Wales retaining Celtic dialect mostly, other parts of which were to become a part of English kingdom later mostly relied on Anglo Saxon’s version of Old English language.
Old English primarily borrowed few words from Celt and several loanwords from Latin. The earliest Old English using runes and usage of Latin alphabets were frequent. To supplement verses not to be found phonetically in Latin, Germanic runic letters were relied upon. For example, th sound in thin supplemented by p or in some cases y.
The remembrance of Old English in Modern English remains in the following forms and more:
- the plural of words in (-s)
- forms of pronouns like I/me/mine
- coming of the verb in the second order in the main clause while verb coming as final in the subordinate clause
French, had the most profound impact after the Norman Quest in the development of the Modern English language. Areas of feudalism, heraldry, military loaned heavily from the French dialect and was inducted in Modern English over time. Words like aid, ability comes from French equivalents of aide and ablete respectively. Modern English coming after Middle English was mostly a result of the printing press. The need for codification gave rise to the creation of modern Johnson’s dictionary under which thousands of words were borrowed heavily from Latin and Greek. Early Modern English is best reflected by Shakespeare’s work and several of discrepancy existing in Old English diction and writing were done with under Modern English.
Importance of English in Modern World and Daily Life
The importance of English can never be fully described. It is one language across the world which is mostly conversed in with ease. The import of the English language lies in the fact that it is the official language of 53 countries and is spoken by 400 million people across the globe. The original spread of the language happened under the British empire which had colonized several key countries post the Industrial Revolution. On account of being British governed, local languages retaining their independence, yet English language acted as the lingua franca or the language that unites most countries.
The significance of English in daily life is reflected in the popularity of the language that acts as the meeting point for most global practices. Although the use of English was never universalized in a compulsory and obligatory manner replacing other languages, yet English has more often than not been the coinciding factor for people with separate linguistic identities who could zero down on English as the point of initiating conversation.
Most businesses and economic activities across the world need English as the official language to be spoken by the representatives. Although presently technology has been beefed up to include several other international languages as well yet before that English was the most popular medium to carry out essential activities. Modern day internet has more than half of its traffic and content in English while keyboards essentially represent the English alphabets. Although there are softwares for other languages yet the computer is generally preloaded with English as the default language.
The lucrative part of the English language lies in the fact that one, it is a flexible language and two, it is relatively easy to learn. It is a flexible language given it’s not so rigid outlook with accommodating foreign words, the grammar can be understood with foreign, non-native words thrown in between. It is easy to learn on account of the abundant resource available widely for people looking out to learn English. Besides, it has an expansive vocabulary widely borrowed from several sources so it forms one of the best tools to know if one is eager to learn other foreign languages in parallel.
Importance of English in Students’ life
Worldwide, although there are several mother languages and each with their separate place of respect, yet it is of much importance to learning English as a student. One must never forget that as students one needs to build up and catch up on life helping skills while our cognitive forces are strong enough as young ones. Learning good English not only helps to grow and enhance our personality later on, given the universal appeal of English as the basic language but also enables one to better know and understand about global trends. Most global teachings and values are best codified in English and if one is to become truly universal in their learning then students must focus on learning a sound English language.
In fields like Mathematics and Science, a good working command over English is all the more necessary as major scientific discoveries, mathematical theorems are best explained and categorized in English. Therefore students interested to take up scientific study must supplement themselves with a thorough knowledge of English in order to write, explain and research on the highest levels in those fields with the help of the English language.
The language English arguably is the most preferred language to converse when students opt for an International exchange programme or even the competitions like Olympiad and international quiz contests. Most of such events are conducted in English and given the diversity of languages across the globe, there is a huge demand of being able to converse in confident and chaste English language as it is difficult to provide for a variety of regional languages. Of course, in a time when most activities have been more global than ever, it is of utmost importance to make students exposed to such global platforms in order to learn better and sharper. For the same, English becomes the most essential foundational base for the students.
Students also need to concentrate on the learning of English because later in life, when people join the job market sector, knowledge of working and fluent English becomes very essential as most work is now linked up with the international domain. There English serves as the pot boiling point for international workers with diverse linguistic affiliations and hence knowing English is very important. Also, for a student who takes up any low skill job later in life in another country, knowledge of English in early life would help them seek help in a foreign country if anything goes against them while abroad.
English Language versus Our Mother tongue
With a major thrust on the learning of the English language, there is a parallel debate that goes on in the form of several arguing that the emphasis on the English language demotivates people to learn mother or vernacular languages. While on one hand the advocates of such mother language assuming secondary position are correct, on another hand this debate only presents half-truth. In general, the major arguments lined up in favor of the first argument sums up in the following:
- Children value mother tongue less if they are consistently coerced to learn English in schools and textbook study.
- Undervaluing mother tongue, in the long run, makes people be less conscious about regional history and the significance of local heritage.
- A certain sense of arrogance and low morale builds up in treating mother tongue when one does not learn it with seriousness.
- Children who do not know good English is often looked down upon by children who know the same.
- Mother tongue being a basic language, should be respected for the progress of the language and literature of the same.
In response to this, those advocating English language has their arguments lined up in the following manner:
- Without a sound knowledge of English, children would lose out on future opportunities linked with a good knowledge and command of English.
- Learning English would help in learning one of the most prevalent foreign languages thus preparing the child for the future.
- As adults learning English is equally important as most work-related, business-related activities are carried out in English.
- Most international official documents coming in English, thereby makes is imperative to know it well to prevent any duping.
To sum up, it is best to combine both English and mother tongue as curriculum for children. It is scientifically proven that till 5 years a child has huge linguistic capabilities and it is in the best interest of the child to make use of it. If English and mother tongue is both learned well then the child will grow up to develop equal love and respect as well as knowledge of both. That way even provincial heritage can be carried forward as well as internationalism too would be inculcated.
The learning of the English language given its rich historical base is useful not only from a literary sense but also in the utilitarian sense. English being easily learned and easy to induct in with foreign words, makes it one of the most useful skills in life. Combining the study of the English language along with mother tongue should be always prioritized.
Tips for Essay on the English Language
Writing an essay can be a difficult task for many people. It’s totally natural to get confused about what to write in your essay. Don’t worry! We are here to help you. In this section, we are giving you some best tips and practices you can follow while writing your essay on the English language. So let’s start.
- Essay generally have three components such as an introduction to the topic, the main story, and the conclusion. Try to structure your essay on the English language in this way.
- Keep your handwriting in the essay neat and clean.
- Be updated with the statistics and figures in your essay.
- Use figure of speeches, expressions, proverbs wherever you find them suitable in your essay.
- Use a dark inked pen to write your essay. It creates more impact.
- Authenticity and credibility of the content of your essay are very important. So make sure your essay on English does not contain any wrong information.
- Be accurate and specific to the topic. Avoid writing vaguely.
Tips for Speech on the English Language
Delivering a perfect speech in front of hundreds of people can be a nightmare for many people out there. Having a stage fear is natural and even the expert speakers have it. The best way to deal with the stage fright is to face it. Here we are giving you some best tips for the speech on the English language. These tips will help you with your speech. Let’s start.
- Confidence is the key to the success of any speech. So be confident while delivering your speech on the English language.
- As you are going to deliver a speech on the English language so make sure you are good with English. Do not make any grammatical mistakes in your speech.
- You don’t need to have a foreign accent for your English speech. Just be who you are. Do not try to fake an accent.
- If you have stage fear, practice in front of your friends, classmates, family member or mirror to gain the confidence prior to the speech delivery.
- Try to connect emotionally with the topic. And deliver your speech from your heart rather than mugging it up.
- Be loud enough to be audible to the whole audience.
- Make proper use of body language and hand gestures while delivering your speech.
I hope this article, essay, speech helped you. If yes then please Rate this article and leave a comment in the comment section below. Thank you. 🙂