Before Independence of India, British were ruling the country. Indians were helpless and in such situation, some people stood up and fought for our country whom we call Freedom Fighters and Social reformers. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was one of those great social reformers. He was independent India’s first law minister and principal architect of Constitution of India. He earned Doctorates in economics and did research in law, economics and political science because of this he gained a reputation as a scholar. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was a jurist, economist, politician and social reformer.
14 April is celebrated as Babasaheb Ambedkar Jayanti across India. Students are asked to write essays and speeches to participate in competitions like essay writing, speech, debates etc. The information in this article will help you in writing essay or speech on Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, his life story, family, education, contribution, etc in competitions of speech, essay writing, paragraph writing held in your school or colleges. So, let’s start.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Essay, Speech, Paragraph & Article
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Childhood, Family Background, and History
On 14th April 1891, the great legend Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was born in military cantonment of Mhow in the central provinces (the birthplace now is in Madhya Pradesh). His full name was Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. He was born in a poor Dalit family who were untouchables at that time. Untouchables were those people who were not treated equally as others were.
The children were allowed to attend school but they were given less attention and help by teachers. For sitting in a classroom they had to bring a gunny sack from their own houses. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was one of these students who not even had the right to touch the drinking water or the vessels which contained water.
Higher caste students or teachers used to pour water from height for these students whenever they wanted to drink water. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was given water by a peon in school, if peon was not there then he had to go without water. He stated the statement as “No peon, No Water”.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Education | Educational & Professional Qualification
Talking about education, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the only student from untouchable caste who was enrolled in Elphinstone Highschool in 1897. He passed his matriculation in 1907 and admitted at Elphinstone College in University of Bombay. He graduated with a degree in economics and political science in the year of 1912 and M.A. in June 1915. Finally, he obtained his Ph.D. in 1927 in economics.
He also had doctorates from London School of Economics and Columbia University. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the only with higher degrees in the country at that time. He was working as a tutor, as an accountant and established his business of investment consulting. But it failed as his clients got to know that he was untouchable.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s Contribution to Social Reform | His Work As a Social Reformer
As the untouchables were treated miserably, nobody took any step towards giving justice to these people but Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the only person who stood up for them and fought against untouchability. He tried to promote and uplift them (Dalits). He decided to launch activities for promoting untouchables.
He began with public movements and marches for opening up public drinking water for Dalits. He led a Satyagraha in Mahad ( a town in Raigad district of Maharashtra) for opening a way to use water from the main water tank of the town. He also began an activity for giving rights to untouchables for entering Hindu temples.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s Contribution to Modern India
Apart from all these activities, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar did many activities in economics and political fields for Indians. He also fought for the rights of women labors. He was the principal architect of the Indian Constitution. He was the principal of Government law college, Bombay for two years. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was against the untouchability and caste categorization of people. He wanted every person to get equal rights and he did many steps towards it.
Books Written by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar wrote many books during his life. He also had some unfinished manuscript which wasn’t published but made public after his death. SOme of his books are as follows,
- The Buddha and his Dhamma
- Pakistan or the Partition of India
- The Untouchables Who Were They And Why They Became Untouchables?
- Essays on Untouchables and Untouchability
- Riddles in Hinduism
- What Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables
- Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development, and 11 Other Essays
There so many other books and essays he has written. These were some of the books he has written.
Death of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar died on December 6, 1956, in Delhi. His death anniversary is celebrated as Mahaparinirvan Din. After his death, in 1990, he was honored with Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award of India. Many monuments, public places, and premises are named after him to honor him.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the person who had higher degrees in Indians at that time. He succeeded in his activities held for untouchables (Dalits). He fought against the untouchability in India. He was the one who was organizing activities for women and labor rights. He taught us that there is no categorization of caste in humans. We all may be from different caste but we are equal to humans. There should not be any discrimination on the basis of caste.
Tips for Speech on Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
- Speeches are the thoughts which come from your heart so don’t mug up it.
- Speak what comes to your mind after reading about the topic.
- Try to speak the speech in front of your family, friends or in front of the mirror to increase your confidence.
- Be interactive while delivering the speech, remember you are not in recitation competition.
Tips for Essay on Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
- You can write the essay in the format of a biography.
- Read a lot of things about your topic and try explaining them in your words in your essay instead of remembering all the points word to word.
- Write your essay in a format which includes an introduction, more information and conclusion for an easy understanding of the reader.
This is our honest attempt to spread information. If you find it helpful and like it then please let us know in the comments below. And please don’t forget to rate this article. Thank you. 🙂