Essay on Chipko Movement in India for Class 5 to 12 Students

Chipko Movement Andolan Information, Objectives, Benefits, History, Essay, Speech, Paragraph & Article
India Today

Nature has always provided human everything which was necessary for survival. But the greed of human was never satisfied and nature had to pay the dues. Man evolved into the embrace of the mother nature but as the centuries passed by man started to rip off the same hands which fed him. There is a limit to everything and when nature couldn’t tolerate anymore some people stood for the protection and conservation of the mother nature. And Chipko Movement is one of the best examples of that. Hence we are giving you this essay on Chipko Movement.

So what is the Chipko Movement? Where was it started? Who started it? and when it was started? All these questions must be buzzing you right now. Don’t worry! We are here to help you. In this article, we have given you all the information about the Chipko Movement, its history, importance, benefits, advantages, facts, founders, the state in which it was started, its aims and objectives, proposed methodology and its outcomes and conclusion.

Students in class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 are usually asked to write an essay, speech, paragraph, a brief note on such topics and the Chipko Movement is the perfect example of that. The information and details in this article will help you to write an essay on Chipko movement.

Essay on Chipko Movement in India for Class 5 to 12 Students

Introduction of Chipko Movement/ Andolan (चिपको आंदोलन)

Chipko Movement was a grass root level movement or campaign started by the people in a small village in Uttarakhand state to protect the trees from cutting down. The meaning of ‘Chipko’ is ‘to hug’, ‘to stick’ or ‘to embrace’. The meaning movement was to embrace and hug the trees to protect them from the contractors who wanted to cut them.

The Chipko Movement was started in the 1970s in Uttarakhand state by founder Sunderlal Bahugana along with many volunteers and women with the aim of protecting the trees by clinging to them with a non-violent protest.

History of Chipko Movement/Chipko Andolan (चिपको आंदोलन) | Why it was started?

The origin of the Chipko Movement goes back in history. The Chipko Movement was originally started by Amrita Devi in the Bishnoi community in Rajasthan who protested against the King’s men who were trying to cut the trees in the 18th century. The modern Chipko Movement started in the 1970s by Sunderlal Bahuguna. Sunderlal Bahuguna was a renowned Gandhi Follower and he emphasized on the Gandhian non-violence protest/ Satyagraha.

The rising deforestation had affected the huge area of Garhwal, the northern Himalayan region of Uttarakhand. The people living nearby the region was fully dependent on the trees in the region. This is when the people started sensing the need for protecting and conserving the trees.

The first Chipko action took place in April 1973 in the Mandal village in the upper Alaknanda valley. The movement was triggered by the government’s deci­sion to allot a plot of forest area in the Alakananda valley to a sports goods company and clear out all the trees.

On March 26, 1974, people especially the women in Reni village, Hemwalghati, in Chamoli district, Uttarakhand started a protest against the contractors ordered by the State Forest Department to cut down the trees in the area. This protest inspired many people to come forward and fight for tree conservation. Soon the movement reached other areas and inspired the people to take similar actions to save the trees.

Many other Chipko Movement activists such as Chandi Prasad Bhatt who was one of the earli­est Chipko activists, Dhoom Singh Negi, Bachni Devi, Ghanashyam Raturi, the Chipko poet,  Indu Tikekar, a doctor of philosophy, and many others contributed to make the movement successful.

Causes of the Chipko Movement

Many families of farmers and local residents were dependent on that forest. The felling down of these trees would have resulted in the no source of living to those farmers and residents. The rising deforestation in the area had made the region barren. Later the forest state department allowed the contractors to cut down the trees to build a factory. This would have devastated the lives of people living there.

Hence the people, especially the women, along with other labors and activists from NGOs started a protest by holding each other’s hands and forming a human circle around the trees to stop the contractors from cutting them down.

Objectives of the Chipko Movement/Andolan (चिपको आंदोलन)

The primary aim, objective of the Chipko Movement was to reduce and stop the deforestation in the area and to protect the trees. The objective, the aim of the Chipko Movement also consists of maintaining the ecological balance of nature and the survival of tribal people living in that area who were fully dependent on the forest to earn their living. The objective of the Chipko Movement revolves around the Five F strategy and those Five Fs are Food, Fodder, Fuel, Fibre, and Fertilizer. 

Benefits, Advantages, Outcomes of Chipko Movement/ Andolan (चिपको आंदोलन)

The Chipko Movement started a phenomenon of protests across the whole country of India to protect the forests, trees and wild animals. After the Chipko Andolan, the local government banned the tree falling in the region to stop the deforestation. The biggest benefit of the Chipko Movement was that the people succeeded in protecting the trees from cutting down.

It inspired the people and communities in other areas of India to protest against the cutting down of the trees and protecting and conserving trees and wild animals. The biggest outcome of the Chipko Andolan was seen in the 1980s when then prime minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, posted a 15 years ban on the tree falling in the Himalayan forests in the Uttarakhand state.

The conclusion of Chipko Andolan (चिपको आंदोलन)

The Chipko Movement was a big success against the people who wanted to cut down a huge number of trees for personal benefits. The movement succeeded in creating a trigger for other people and communities in India to come forward to protest and protect the trees. Soon the movement became a national phenomenon and became one of the biggest ecological movements.

Chipko Movement चिपको आंदोलन Quotes, Slogans, Messages #ChipkoMovement

During the Chipko Movement many quotes, lines, slogans were coined by the activities, writers, and poets about the movements and some of them are as follows.

“What do the forests bear? Soil, Water, and Pure Air!”

“Ecology is permanent economy.”- Sundarlal Bahuguna

“Embrace the trees and
Save them from being felled;
The property of our hills,
Save them from being looted.”

Tips for Essay on Chipko Movement/ Chipko Andolan/ चिपको आंदोलन

Following are some tips which will help you while writing an essay on Chipko Movement/ Chipko Andolan/ चिपको आंदोलन.

  • An essay is made of 3 parts- The introduction, main story and ending with the conclusion. Try to write the essay on chipko movement in this format.
  • Before writing the essay on Chipko movement, try to think about what and how you are going to write the essay.
  • Read more about the essay topic.
  • Use a dark inked pen to write the essay.

So these were some tips to write the essay.

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